Toxicity evaluation of sub-chronic exposures to cyanogen in monkeys and rats

T. R. Lewis, Wyndham Anger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 6 mon (6 hr/day, 5 days/week) inhalation toxicity study was conducted with cyanogen gas using male rhesus monkeys (Macacca mulatta) and male albino rats (Charles River Strain) as experimental animals. Fifteen monkeys and 90 rats were divided into three groups of 5 monkeys and 30 rats. One group, the Controls, was not exposed to the test material; the other two groups were exposed either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen. At the outset of exposures, there was a doubling of the rate of responding on a variable interval 2.9 min schedule of reinforcement in monkeys exposed to 25 ppm cyanogen, and increases were also seen in the monkeys receiving 11 ppm exposures; the increases were transitory as the rate returned to control levels before exposures were terminated. At the end of the 6 mon exposure, there were no effects in hematologic or clinical chemistry parameters attributable to the inhalation exposure to cyanogen. The electrocardiograms, and gross pathologic and histopathologic examinations of test animals were normal when compared with the Control animals. Total lung moisture content was significantly lower in monkeys exposed to either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen than in Control animals. Body weights were significantly lower in rats exposed to 25 ppm than in Controls. The results suggest that subchronic 25 ppm cyanogen exposures are marginally toxic, but the evidence on 11 ppm does not support a similar conclusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-163
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Volume5
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Haplorhini
Toxicity
Rats
toxicity
Animals
animal
Reinforcement Schedule
Inhalation Exposure
Clinical Chemistry
Poisons
Level control
Macaca mulatta
Electrocardiography
Rivers
Inhalation
reinforcement
cyanogen
evaluation
exposure
moisture content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Toxicity evaluation of sub-chronic exposures to cyanogen in monkeys and rats. / Lewis, T. R.; Anger, Wyndham.

In: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol. 5, No. 4-5, 1984, p. 151-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5523d4e9926a498b9b9338bbe8fddeb7,
title = "Toxicity evaluation of sub-chronic exposures to cyanogen in monkeys and rats",
abstract = "A 6 mon (6 hr/day, 5 days/week) inhalation toxicity study was conducted with cyanogen gas using male rhesus monkeys (Macacca mulatta) and male albino rats (Charles River Strain) as experimental animals. Fifteen monkeys and 90 rats were divided into three groups of 5 monkeys and 30 rats. One group, the Controls, was not exposed to the test material; the other two groups were exposed either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen. At the outset of exposures, there was a doubling of the rate of responding on a variable interval 2.9 min schedule of reinforcement in monkeys exposed to 25 ppm cyanogen, and increases were also seen in the monkeys receiving 11 ppm exposures; the increases were transitory as the rate returned to control levels before exposures were terminated. At the end of the 6 mon exposure, there were no effects in hematologic or clinical chemistry parameters attributable to the inhalation exposure to cyanogen. The electrocardiograms, and gross pathologic and histopathologic examinations of test animals were normal when compared with the Control animals. Total lung moisture content was significantly lower in monkeys exposed to either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen than in Control animals. Body weights were significantly lower in rats exposed to 25 ppm than in Controls. The results suggest that subchronic 25 ppm cyanogen exposures are marginally toxic, but the evidence on 11 ppm does not support a similar conclusion.",
author = "Lewis, {T. R.} and Wyndham Anger",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "151--163",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology",
issn = "0731-8898",
publisher = "Begell House Inc.",
number = "4-5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toxicity evaluation of sub-chronic exposures to cyanogen in monkeys and rats

AU - Lewis, T. R.

AU - Anger, Wyndham

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - A 6 mon (6 hr/day, 5 days/week) inhalation toxicity study was conducted with cyanogen gas using male rhesus monkeys (Macacca mulatta) and male albino rats (Charles River Strain) as experimental animals. Fifteen monkeys and 90 rats were divided into three groups of 5 monkeys and 30 rats. One group, the Controls, was not exposed to the test material; the other two groups were exposed either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen. At the outset of exposures, there was a doubling of the rate of responding on a variable interval 2.9 min schedule of reinforcement in monkeys exposed to 25 ppm cyanogen, and increases were also seen in the monkeys receiving 11 ppm exposures; the increases were transitory as the rate returned to control levels before exposures were terminated. At the end of the 6 mon exposure, there were no effects in hematologic or clinical chemistry parameters attributable to the inhalation exposure to cyanogen. The electrocardiograms, and gross pathologic and histopathologic examinations of test animals were normal when compared with the Control animals. Total lung moisture content was significantly lower in monkeys exposed to either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen than in Control animals. Body weights were significantly lower in rats exposed to 25 ppm than in Controls. The results suggest that subchronic 25 ppm cyanogen exposures are marginally toxic, but the evidence on 11 ppm does not support a similar conclusion.

AB - A 6 mon (6 hr/day, 5 days/week) inhalation toxicity study was conducted with cyanogen gas using male rhesus monkeys (Macacca mulatta) and male albino rats (Charles River Strain) as experimental animals. Fifteen monkeys and 90 rats were divided into three groups of 5 monkeys and 30 rats. One group, the Controls, was not exposed to the test material; the other two groups were exposed either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen. At the outset of exposures, there was a doubling of the rate of responding on a variable interval 2.9 min schedule of reinforcement in monkeys exposed to 25 ppm cyanogen, and increases were also seen in the monkeys receiving 11 ppm exposures; the increases were transitory as the rate returned to control levels before exposures were terminated. At the end of the 6 mon exposure, there were no effects in hematologic or clinical chemistry parameters attributable to the inhalation exposure to cyanogen. The electrocardiograms, and gross pathologic and histopathologic examinations of test animals were normal when compared with the Control animals. Total lung moisture content was significantly lower in monkeys exposed to either 11 ppm or 25 ppm cyanogen than in Control animals. Body weights were significantly lower in rats exposed to 25 ppm than in Controls. The results suggest that subchronic 25 ppm cyanogen exposures are marginally toxic, but the evidence on 11 ppm does not support a similar conclusion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021671940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021671940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6520722

AN - SCOPUS:0021671940

VL - 5

SP - 151

EP - 163

JO - Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

JF - Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

SN - 0731-8898

IS - 4-5

ER -