Tofacitinib is associated with attainment of the minimally important reduction in axial magnetic resonance imaging inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis patients

Walter P. Maksymowych, Désirée Van Der Heijde, Xenofon Baraliakos, Atul Deodhar, Sarah P. Sherlock, David Li, Dona Fleishaker, Thijs Hendrikx, Keith S. Kanik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Minimally important changes (MICs) for SPondyloArthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) MRI scores are 52.5 for SI joint and 55 for spine. This post hoc analysis assessed achievement of MIC in SPARCC scores in biologic-naïve patients with AS treated with tofacitinib or placebo, and correlation with clinical responses. Methods. Adult AS patients in a 12-week phase 2 study (n = 207) were randomized 1: 1: 1: 1 to tofacitinib 2, 5 or 10 mg twice daily (BID) or placebo. MIC in SPARCC SI joint and spine scores were assessed for patients with available MRI data (N = 164; 79%). Clinical endpoints at week 12, including Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society 20% improvement (ASAS20), were compared between patients achieving/not achieving MIC. Results. A greater proportion of patients achieved MIC with tofacitinib 2, 5 and 10 mg BID vs placebo for SI joint (28.6, 38.6, 29.6 vs 11.8%) and spine scores (29.3, 36.4, 40.9 vs 11.8%). Generally, a greater proportion of patients treated with tofacitinib 2, 5 and 10 mg BID or placebo, respectively, who achieved MIC for SI joint and spine scores achieved ASAS20 (SI joint: 75.0, 88.2, 69.2, 75.0%; spine: 91.7, 85.7, 72.2, 75.0%) vs patients who did not achieve MIC (SI joint: 51.7, 84.0, 58.1, 48.3%; spine: 46.4, 85.7, 53.8, 48.3%). Numerically greater responses were seen in those patients achieving vs not achieving MIC across a range of other efficacy assessments. Conclusion. Approximately one-third of tofacitinib-treated AS patients experienced clinically meaningful reductions in spinal MRI inflammation at week 12. Patients achieving MIC for MRI inflammation had greater clinical response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1390-1399
Number of pages10
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Inflammation
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Minimally important change
  • SPondyloArthritis Research Consortium of Canada
  • Sacroiliac joints
  • Spine
  • Tofacitinib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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