Aims: Perinephric fat invasion (PFI) is a key component of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) staging, but there are limited data pertaining to biopsy tract seeding (BTS) resulting in perirenal tissue involvement [BTS with perinephric fat invasion (BTS-P)].The aim is to correlate clinical outcomes with pathologic stage to determine whether the presence of BTS-P should be considered a criterion to stage RCC as part of the pT3a category in the absence of any other upstaging variables. Materials and results: We identified 304 renal biopsies from patients with subsequent nephrectomies for RCC; 33 of the tumours contained PFI. Each case was reviewed to determine the presence of BTS-P and other forms of invasion [e.g. non-BTS-P PFI, sinus fat invasion (SFI), and/or renal vein invasion (RVI)], and these findings were compared with survival outcomes. Ten (30%) of 33 tumours with PFI showed BTS-P as the only finding, and were otherwise pT1 tumours; six (60%) patients were alive without disease (AWOD) (mean, 77.5 months), three were lost to follow-up (LTF), and one died of other disease (DOOD). Two patients showed true PFI plus BTS-P; one was LTF and one is AWOD at 107 months. Ten (43%) of 23 patients with tumours with true invasion (PFI ± SFI and/or RVI) are AWOD (mean, 97.7 months), eight (35%) died of disease (DOD), four were LTF, and one DOOD. Kaplan–Meier survival curves showed that the cancer-specific survival was significantly worse in patients with true invasion (P = 0.044) than in those with BTS-P as the sole finding. Conclusion: Patients with tumours showing BTS-P only appear to have better outcomes than those with other non-PFI invasion, suggesting that this finding should not be upstaged to pT3a. Additional studies are needed to corroborate the significance of our observations.
- biopsy tract seeding
- perinephric fat invasion
- renal cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine