Titrating luteinizing hormone replacement to sustain the structure and function of the corpus luteum after gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist treatment in rhesus monkeys

Diane M. Duffy, Dennis R. Stewart, Richard L. Stouffer

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    63 Scopus citations


    These studies were designed to identify 1) a regimen of a third generation GnRH antagonist that abolishes primate luteal function, and 2) the amount of LH replacement required to maintain the structure and functional life span of the corpus luteum of the menstrual cycle after GnRH antagonist treatment. A single injection of antide at 3 or 5 mg/kg BW on day 6 of the luteal phase suppressed serum progesterone levels within 1 day of treatment, but levels recovered within 4 days. Administration of antide (3 mg/kg) for 3 days (luteal days 6-8) reduced (P < 0.05) serum progesterone below 1 ng/mL and maintained these low levels for the entire sampling period; in subsequent experiments, all monkeys received this antide regimen. Fixed doses (5, 10, or 20 IU) of recombinant human LH administered at 8-h intervals during and after antide treatment stimulated progesterone production in a dose-dependent manner; these monkeys menstruated earlier than controls regardless of treatment group. Replacement with an escalating dose regimen (5-20 IU) of LH resulted in typical serum progesterone and relaxin levels throughout a luteal phase of normal length. Corpora lutea removed on day 10 from monkeys treated with antide alone had decreased wet weight (P < 0.05) and few large luteal cells; coadministration of the escalating dose regimen of LH maintained luteal structure similar to that seen in time-matched controls. Antide-only treatment increased progesterone receptor (PR) messenger ribonucleic acid, but decreased PR immunostaining in luteal tissue; the escalating dose regimen of LH maintained PR messenger ribonucleic acid and immunostaining similar to those in controls. This study indicates that during GnRH antagonist administration, an escalating dose regimen of LH replacement is optimal for maintenance of the structure and functional life span of the primate corpus luteum.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)342-349
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 23 1999


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
    • Biochemistry
    • Endocrinology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Biochemistry, medical

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