Tisagenlecleucel in adult relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma: the phase 2 ELARA trial

Nathan Hale Fowler, Michael Dickinson, Martin Dreyling, Joaquin Martinez-Lopez, Arne Kolstad, Jason Butler, Monalisa Ghosh, Leslie Popplewell, Julio C. Chavez, Emmanuel Bachy, Koji Kato, Hideo Harigae, Marie José Kersten, Charalambos Andreadis, Peter A. Riedell, P. Joy Ho, José Antonio Pérez-Simón, Andy I. Chen, Loretta J. Nastoupil, Bastian von TresckowAndrés José María Ferreri, Takanori Teshima, Piers E.M. Patten, Joseph P. McGuirk, Andreas L. Petzer, Fritz Offner, Andreas Viardot, Pier Luigi Zinzani, Ram Malladi, Aiesha Zia, Rakesh Awasthi, Aisha Masood, Oezlem Anak, Stephen J. Schuster, Catherine Thieblemont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tisagenlecleucel is an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor-T cell therapy with clinically meaningful outcomes demonstrated in patients with relapsed/refractory (r/r) B-cell lymphoma. In a previous pilot study of tisagenlecleucel in r/r follicular lymphoma (FL), 71% of patients achieved a complete response (CR). Here we report the primary, prespecified interim analysis of the ELARA phase 2 multinational trial of tisagenlecleucel in adults with r/r FL after two or more treatment lines or who relapsed after autologous stem cell transplant (no. NCT03568461). The primary endpoint was CR rate (CRR). Secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR), duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, pharmacokinetics and safety. As of 29 March 2021, 97/98 enrolled patients received tisagenlecleucel (median follow-up, 16.59 months; interquartile range, 13.8–20.21). The primary endpoint was met. In the efficacy set (n = 94), CRR was 69.1% (95% confidence interval, 58.8–78.3) and ORR 86.2% (95% confidence interval, 77.5–92.4). Within 8 weeks of infusion, rates of cytokine release syndrome were 48.5% (grade ≥3, 0%), neurological events 37.1% (grade ≥3, 3%) and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) 4.1% (grade ≥3, 1%) in the safety set (n = 97), with no treatment-related deaths. Tisagenlecleucel is safe and effective in extensively pretreated r/r FL, including in high-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-332
Number of pages8
JournalNature medicine
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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