Tinnitus management: Randomized controlled trial comparing extended-wear hearing AIDS, conventional hearing AIDS, and combination instruments

James Henry, Garnett McMillan, Serena Dann, Keri Bennett, Susan Griest, Sarah Theodoroff, Shien Pei Silverman, Susan Whichard, Gabrielle Saunders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Whereas hearing AIDS have long been considered effective for providing relief from tinnitus, controlled clinical studies evaluating this premise have been very limited. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the relative efficacy of conventional receiver-in-the-canal hearing AIDS (HA), the same hearing AIDS with a sound generator (HA1SG), and extended-wear, deep fit hearing AIDS (EWHA), to provide relief from tinnitus through a randomized controlled trial. Each of these ear-level devices was a product of Phonak, LLC. Research Design: Participants were randomized to HA, HA1SG, or EWHA and wore bilaterally fit devices for about 4 months. Fittings, adjustments, and follow-up appointments were conducted to comply with company guidelines and to ensure that all participants attended appointments on the same schedule. At 4-5 months, participants returned to complete final outcome measures, which concluded their study participation. Study Sample: Participants were 55 individuals (mean age: 63.1 years) with mild to moderately-severe hearing loss who: (a) did not currently use hearing AIDS; (b) reported tinnitus that was sufficiently bothersome to warrant intervention; and (c) were suitable candidates for each of the study devices. Data Collection and Analysis: The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI). Secondary outcome measures included hearing-specific questionnaires and the Quick Speech in Noise test (QuickSIN). The goal of the analysis was to evaluate efficacy of the EWHA and HA1SG devices versus the HA standard device. Results: There were 18 participants in each of the HA and EWHA groups and 19 in the HA1SG group. Gender, age, and baseline TFI severity were balanced across treatment groups. Nearly all participants had a reduction in tinnitus symptoms during the study. The average TFI change (improvement) from baseline was 21 points in the HA group, 31 points in the EWHA group, and 33 points in the HA1SG group. A ''clinically significant'' improvement in reaction to tinnitus (at least 13-point reduction in TFI score) was seen by 67% of HA, 82% of EWHA, and 79% of HA1SG participants. There were no statistically significant differences in the extent to which the devices reduced TFI scores. Likewise, the hearingspecific questionnaires and QuickSIN showed improvements following use of the hearing AIDS but these improvements did not differ across device groups. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence to conclude that any of these devices offers greater relief from tinnitus than any other one tested. However, all devices appear to offer some improvement in the functional effects of tinnitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-561
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tinnitus
Hearing
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Randomized Controlled Trials
Equipment and Supplies
Appointments and Schedules
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Noise
Social Adjustment

Keywords

  • Acoustic stimulation
  • Hearing
  • Outcomes
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Research
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Tinnitus management : Randomized controlled trial comparing extended-wear hearing AIDS, conventional hearing AIDS, and combination instruments. / Henry, James; McMillan, Garnett; Dann, Serena; Bennett, Keri; Griest, Susan; Theodoroff, Sarah; Silverman, Shien Pei; Whichard, Susan; Saunders, Gabrielle.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, Vol. 28, No. 6, 01.06.2017, p. 546-561.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{394d1ab2c74f4068a25f97703c6ccf3b,
title = "Tinnitus management: Randomized controlled trial comparing extended-wear hearing AIDS, conventional hearing AIDS, and combination instruments",
abstract = "Background: Whereas hearing AIDS have long been considered effective for providing relief from tinnitus, controlled clinical studies evaluating this premise have been very limited. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the relative efficacy of conventional receiver-in-the-canal hearing AIDS (HA), the same hearing AIDS with a sound generator (HA1SG), and extended-wear, deep fit hearing AIDS (EWHA), to provide relief from tinnitus through a randomized controlled trial. Each of these ear-level devices was a product of Phonak, LLC. Research Design: Participants were randomized to HA, HA1SG, or EWHA and wore bilaterally fit devices for about 4 months. Fittings, adjustments, and follow-up appointments were conducted to comply with company guidelines and to ensure that all participants attended appointments on the same schedule. At 4-5 months, participants returned to complete final outcome measures, which concluded their study participation. Study Sample: Participants were 55 individuals (mean age: 63.1 years) with mild to moderately-severe hearing loss who: (a) did not currently use hearing AIDS; (b) reported tinnitus that was sufficiently bothersome to warrant intervention; and (c) were suitable candidates for each of the study devices. Data Collection and Analysis: The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI). Secondary outcome measures included hearing-specific questionnaires and the Quick Speech in Noise test (QuickSIN). The goal of the analysis was to evaluate efficacy of the EWHA and HA1SG devices versus the HA standard device. Results: There were 18 participants in each of the HA and EWHA groups and 19 in the HA1SG group. Gender, age, and baseline TFI severity were balanced across treatment groups. Nearly all participants had a reduction in tinnitus symptoms during the study. The average TFI change (improvement) from baseline was 21 points in the HA group, 31 points in the EWHA group, and 33 points in the HA1SG group. A ''clinically significant'' improvement in reaction to tinnitus (at least 13-point reduction in TFI score) was seen by 67{\%} of HA, 82{\%} of EWHA, and 79{\%} of HA1SG participants. There were no statistically significant differences in the extent to which the devices reduced TFI scores. Likewise, the hearingspecific questionnaires and QuickSIN showed improvements following use of the hearing AIDS but these improvements did not differ across device groups. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence to conclude that any of these devices offers greater relief from tinnitus than any other one tested. However, all devices appear to offer some improvement in the functional effects of tinnitus.",
keywords = "Acoustic stimulation, Hearing, Outcomes, Randomized controlled trial, Research, Tinnitus",
author = "James Henry and Garnett McMillan and Serena Dann and Keri Bennett and Susan Griest and Sarah Theodoroff and Silverman, {Shien Pei} and Susan Whichard and Gabrielle Saunders",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3766/jaaa.16067",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "546--561",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Audiology",
issn = "1050-0545",
publisher = "American Academy of Audiology",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tinnitus management

T2 - Randomized controlled trial comparing extended-wear hearing AIDS, conventional hearing AIDS, and combination instruments

AU - Henry, James

AU - McMillan, Garnett

AU - Dann, Serena

AU - Bennett, Keri

AU - Griest, Susan

AU - Theodoroff, Sarah

AU - Silverman, Shien Pei

AU - Whichard, Susan

AU - Saunders, Gabrielle

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Background: Whereas hearing AIDS have long been considered effective for providing relief from tinnitus, controlled clinical studies evaluating this premise have been very limited. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the relative efficacy of conventional receiver-in-the-canal hearing AIDS (HA), the same hearing AIDS with a sound generator (HA1SG), and extended-wear, deep fit hearing AIDS (EWHA), to provide relief from tinnitus through a randomized controlled trial. Each of these ear-level devices was a product of Phonak, LLC. Research Design: Participants were randomized to HA, HA1SG, or EWHA and wore bilaterally fit devices for about 4 months. Fittings, adjustments, and follow-up appointments were conducted to comply with company guidelines and to ensure that all participants attended appointments on the same schedule. At 4-5 months, participants returned to complete final outcome measures, which concluded their study participation. Study Sample: Participants were 55 individuals (mean age: 63.1 years) with mild to moderately-severe hearing loss who: (a) did not currently use hearing AIDS; (b) reported tinnitus that was sufficiently bothersome to warrant intervention; and (c) were suitable candidates for each of the study devices. Data Collection and Analysis: The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI). Secondary outcome measures included hearing-specific questionnaires and the Quick Speech in Noise test (QuickSIN). The goal of the analysis was to evaluate efficacy of the EWHA and HA1SG devices versus the HA standard device. Results: There were 18 participants in each of the HA and EWHA groups and 19 in the HA1SG group. Gender, age, and baseline TFI severity were balanced across treatment groups. Nearly all participants had a reduction in tinnitus symptoms during the study. The average TFI change (improvement) from baseline was 21 points in the HA group, 31 points in the EWHA group, and 33 points in the HA1SG group. A ''clinically significant'' improvement in reaction to tinnitus (at least 13-point reduction in TFI score) was seen by 67% of HA, 82% of EWHA, and 79% of HA1SG participants. There were no statistically significant differences in the extent to which the devices reduced TFI scores. Likewise, the hearingspecific questionnaires and QuickSIN showed improvements following use of the hearing AIDS but these improvements did not differ across device groups. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence to conclude that any of these devices offers greater relief from tinnitus than any other one tested. However, all devices appear to offer some improvement in the functional effects of tinnitus.

AB - Background: Whereas hearing AIDS have long been considered effective for providing relief from tinnitus, controlled clinical studies evaluating this premise have been very limited. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the relative efficacy of conventional receiver-in-the-canal hearing AIDS (HA), the same hearing AIDS with a sound generator (HA1SG), and extended-wear, deep fit hearing AIDS (EWHA), to provide relief from tinnitus through a randomized controlled trial. Each of these ear-level devices was a product of Phonak, LLC. Research Design: Participants were randomized to HA, HA1SG, or EWHA and wore bilaterally fit devices for about 4 months. Fittings, adjustments, and follow-up appointments were conducted to comply with company guidelines and to ensure that all participants attended appointments on the same schedule. At 4-5 months, participants returned to complete final outcome measures, which concluded their study participation. Study Sample: Participants were 55 individuals (mean age: 63.1 years) with mild to moderately-severe hearing loss who: (a) did not currently use hearing AIDS; (b) reported tinnitus that was sufficiently bothersome to warrant intervention; and (c) were suitable candidates for each of the study devices. Data Collection and Analysis: The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI). Secondary outcome measures included hearing-specific questionnaires and the Quick Speech in Noise test (QuickSIN). The goal of the analysis was to evaluate efficacy of the EWHA and HA1SG devices versus the HA standard device. Results: There were 18 participants in each of the HA and EWHA groups and 19 in the HA1SG group. Gender, age, and baseline TFI severity were balanced across treatment groups. Nearly all participants had a reduction in tinnitus symptoms during the study. The average TFI change (improvement) from baseline was 21 points in the HA group, 31 points in the EWHA group, and 33 points in the HA1SG group. A ''clinically significant'' improvement in reaction to tinnitus (at least 13-point reduction in TFI score) was seen by 67% of HA, 82% of EWHA, and 79% of HA1SG participants. There were no statistically significant differences in the extent to which the devices reduced TFI scores. Likewise, the hearingspecific questionnaires and QuickSIN showed improvements following use of the hearing AIDS but these improvements did not differ across device groups. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence to conclude that any of these devices offers greater relief from tinnitus than any other one tested. However, all devices appear to offer some improvement in the functional effects of tinnitus.

KW - Acoustic stimulation

KW - Hearing

KW - Outcomes

KW - Randomized controlled trial

KW - Research

KW - Tinnitus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020431805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020431805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3766/jaaa.16067

DO - 10.3766/jaaa.16067

M3 - Article

C2 - 28590898

AN - SCOPUS:85020431805

VL - 28

SP - 546

EP - 561

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Audiology

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Audiology

SN - 1050-0545

IS - 6

ER -