Timing of delivery in women with prior uterine rupture: a decision analysis

Zoë C. Frank, Vanessa R. Lee, Alyssa R. Hersh, Rachel A. Pilliod, Aaron Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Uterine rupture is an obstetric complication with high rates of associated maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, limited guidance for the timing of delivery in women with a history of prior uterine rupture exists. Objective: To determine the optimal gestational age of delivery in women with prior uterine rupture. Study design: A decision-analytic model was built using TreeAge software to compare the outcomes of repeat cesarean delivery when performed at 32, 33, 34, 35, or 36 weeks gestation in a theoretical cohort of 1000 women with prior uterine rupture. Strategies involved expectant management until a later gestational age accounting for the risks of spontaneous uterine rupture, spontaneous labor, uterine rupture following spontaneous labor, and stillbirth during each successive week that a woman was still pregnant. Maternal outcomes included uterine rupture, hysterectomy, and death. Neonatal outcomes included hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and death. Probabilities were derived from the literature and total quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were calculated. Sensitivity analyses were used to vary model inputs to investigate the robustness of our baseline assumptions. Results: In our theoretical cohort of 1000 pregnant women with a history of prior uterine rupture, cesarean delivery at 34 weeks maximized maternal and neonatal QALYs. Compared to delivery at 36 weeks, delivery at 34 weeks would prevent 38.6 uterine ruptures, 0.079 maternal deaths, 6.10 hysterectomies, and 12.1 neonatal deaths but results in 4.70 more cases of cerebral palsy. Univariate sensitivity analysis found that repeat cesarean at 34 weeks remained the optimal strategy until the probability of spontaneous repeat uterine rupture (baseline estimate: 0.68%) fell below 0.2% or rose above 0.9%, at which point, a strategy of delivery at 35 or 32 weeks became optimal, respectively. However, Monte Carlo simulation demonstrated that delivery at 35 weeks was the optimal strategy 37% of the time, whereas 34 weeks was the optimal strategy 17% of the time. Conclusion: The optimal time for repeat cesarean delivery in women with prior uterine rupture appears to be between 34-0/7 and 35-6/7 weeks gestation. Brief rationale: Uterine rupture is a complication during labor associated with high rates of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Women who have had previous cesarean deliveries are at increased risk of uterine rupture. While some women undergo a hysterectomy after uterine rupture, many women have repairs and are able to get pregnant again. There is limited evidence guiding management and estimating the risk of recurrent rupture in women who get pregnant again. Given the increased incidence of cesarean delivery and the accompanying risk of subsequent uterine rupture, understanding how to best manage women who become pregnant after a rupture is of increasing importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Decision analysis
  • pregnancy after uterine rupture
  • repeat cesarean delivery
  • timing of delivery
  • uterine rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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