Time course of synergistic interaction between DOCA and salt on blood pressure

Roles of vasopressin and hepatic osmoreceptors

Virginia Brooks, Korrina L. Freeman, Qi Yue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In DOCA-salt rats, the time course of the synergistic interaction between osmolality and DOCA to produce hypertension is unknown. Therefore, in rats 2 wk after implantation of subcutaneous silicone pellets containing DOCA (65 mg) or no drug (sham), we determined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses, using telemetric pressure transducers, during 2 wk of excess salt ingestion (1% NaCl in drinking water). BP was unaltered in sham rats after increased salt, but in DOCA rats BP increased within 4 h. The initial hypertension of 30-35 mmHg stabilized within 2 days, followed ∼5 days later by a further increment of ∼30 mmHg. HR first decreased during the dark phase; the second phase was linked to an abrupt increase in HR and BP variability and decreased HR variability. Pressor responses to acute intravenous hypertonic saline infusion were doubled in DOCA-treated rats via vasopressin and nonvasopressin mechanisms. Only in DOCA-treated rats, portal vein hypertonic saline infusion increased BP, which was prevented by V1 vasopressin blockade. After 2 wk of DOCA-salt, oral ingestion of water rapidly decreased BP. Intraportal infusion of water did not lower BP in DOCA-salt rats, suggesting that hepatic osmoreceptors were not involved. In summary, the hypertension of DOCA-treated rats consuming excess salt exhibits multiple phases and can be rapidly reversed. Hypertonicity-induced vasopressin and nonvasopressin pressor mechanisms that are augmented by DOCA, and hepatic osmoreceptors may contribute to the initial developmental phase. With time, combined DOCA-salt induces marked changes in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system, which may favor hypertension development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume291
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Desoxycorticosterone Acetate
Vasopressins
Salts
Blood Pressure
Liver
Heart Rate
Hypertension
Eating
Pressure Transducers
Water
Autonomic Nervous System
Silicones
Portal Vein
Drinking Water
Osmolar Concentration

Keywords

  • Heart rate
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertonic saline
  • Osmolality
  • Rats
  • Telemetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{5627c84635604d45933914ad0809da9f,
title = "Time course of synergistic interaction between DOCA and salt on blood pressure: Roles of vasopressin and hepatic osmoreceptors",
abstract = "In DOCA-salt rats, the time course of the synergistic interaction between osmolality and DOCA to produce hypertension is unknown. Therefore, in rats 2 wk after implantation of subcutaneous silicone pellets containing DOCA (65 mg) or no drug (sham), we determined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses, using telemetric pressure transducers, during 2 wk of excess salt ingestion (1{\%} NaCl in drinking water). BP was unaltered in sham rats after increased salt, but in DOCA rats BP increased within 4 h. The initial hypertension of 30-35 mmHg stabilized within 2 days, followed ∼5 days later by a further increment of ∼30 mmHg. HR first decreased during the dark phase; the second phase was linked to an abrupt increase in HR and BP variability and decreased HR variability. Pressor responses to acute intravenous hypertonic saline infusion were doubled in DOCA-treated rats via vasopressin and nonvasopressin mechanisms. Only in DOCA-treated rats, portal vein hypertonic saline infusion increased BP, which was prevented by V1 vasopressin blockade. After 2 wk of DOCA-salt, oral ingestion of water rapidly decreased BP. Intraportal infusion of water did not lower BP in DOCA-salt rats, suggesting that hepatic osmoreceptors were not involved. In summary, the hypertension of DOCA-treated rats consuming excess salt exhibits multiple phases and can be rapidly reversed. Hypertonicity-induced vasopressin and nonvasopressin pressor mechanisms that are augmented by DOCA, and hepatic osmoreceptors may contribute to the initial developmental phase. With time, combined DOCA-salt induces marked changes in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system, which may favor hypertension development.",
keywords = "Heart rate, Hypertension, Hypertonic saline, Osmolality, Rats, Telemetry",
author = "Virginia Brooks and Freeman, {Korrina L.} and Qi Yue",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1152/ajpregu.00068.2006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "291",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
issn = "1931-857X",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Time course of synergistic interaction between DOCA and salt on blood pressure

T2 - Roles of vasopressin and hepatic osmoreceptors

AU - Brooks, Virginia

AU - Freeman, Korrina L.

AU - Yue, Qi

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - In DOCA-salt rats, the time course of the synergistic interaction between osmolality and DOCA to produce hypertension is unknown. Therefore, in rats 2 wk after implantation of subcutaneous silicone pellets containing DOCA (65 mg) or no drug (sham), we determined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses, using telemetric pressure transducers, during 2 wk of excess salt ingestion (1% NaCl in drinking water). BP was unaltered in sham rats after increased salt, but in DOCA rats BP increased within 4 h. The initial hypertension of 30-35 mmHg stabilized within 2 days, followed ∼5 days later by a further increment of ∼30 mmHg. HR first decreased during the dark phase; the second phase was linked to an abrupt increase in HR and BP variability and decreased HR variability. Pressor responses to acute intravenous hypertonic saline infusion were doubled in DOCA-treated rats via vasopressin and nonvasopressin mechanisms. Only in DOCA-treated rats, portal vein hypertonic saline infusion increased BP, which was prevented by V1 vasopressin blockade. After 2 wk of DOCA-salt, oral ingestion of water rapidly decreased BP. Intraportal infusion of water did not lower BP in DOCA-salt rats, suggesting that hepatic osmoreceptors were not involved. In summary, the hypertension of DOCA-treated rats consuming excess salt exhibits multiple phases and can be rapidly reversed. Hypertonicity-induced vasopressin and nonvasopressin pressor mechanisms that are augmented by DOCA, and hepatic osmoreceptors may contribute to the initial developmental phase. With time, combined DOCA-salt induces marked changes in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system, which may favor hypertension development.

AB - In DOCA-salt rats, the time course of the synergistic interaction between osmolality and DOCA to produce hypertension is unknown. Therefore, in rats 2 wk after implantation of subcutaneous silicone pellets containing DOCA (65 mg) or no drug (sham), we determined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses, using telemetric pressure transducers, during 2 wk of excess salt ingestion (1% NaCl in drinking water). BP was unaltered in sham rats after increased salt, but in DOCA rats BP increased within 4 h. The initial hypertension of 30-35 mmHg stabilized within 2 days, followed ∼5 days later by a further increment of ∼30 mmHg. HR first decreased during the dark phase; the second phase was linked to an abrupt increase in HR and BP variability and decreased HR variability. Pressor responses to acute intravenous hypertonic saline infusion were doubled in DOCA-treated rats via vasopressin and nonvasopressin mechanisms. Only in DOCA-treated rats, portal vein hypertonic saline infusion increased BP, which was prevented by V1 vasopressin blockade. After 2 wk of DOCA-salt, oral ingestion of water rapidly decreased BP. Intraportal infusion of water did not lower BP in DOCA-salt rats, suggesting that hepatic osmoreceptors were not involved. In summary, the hypertension of DOCA-treated rats consuming excess salt exhibits multiple phases and can be rapidly reversed. Hypertonicity-induced vasopressin and nonvasopressin pressor mechanisms that are augmented by DOCA, and hepatic osmoreceptors may contribute to the initial developmental phase. With time, combined DOCA-salt induces marked changes in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system, which may favor hypertension development.

KW - Heart rate

KW - Hypertension

KW - Hypertonic saline

KW - Osmolality

KW - Rats

KW - Telemetry

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U2 - 10.1152/ajpregu.00068.2006

DO - 10.1152/ajpregu.00068.2006

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VL - 291

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 6

ER -