TIM-3 Regulates CD103+ Dendritic Cell Function and Response to Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

Álvaro de Mingo Pulido, Alycia Gardner, Shandi Hiebler, Hatem Soliman, Hope S. Rugo, Matthew F. Krummel, Lisa M. Coussens, Brian Ruffell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations


Intratumoral CD103+ dendritic cells (DCs) are necessary for anti-tumor immunity. Here we evaluated the expression of immune regulators by CD103+ DCs in a murine model of breast cancer and identified expression of TIM-3 as a target for therapy. Anti-TIM-3 antibody improved response to paclitaxel chemotherapy in models of triple-negative and luminal B disease, with no evidence of toxicity. Combined efficacy was CD8+ T cell dependent and associated with increased granzyme B expression; however, TIM-3 expression was predominantly localized to myeloid cells in both human and murine tumors. Gene expression analysis identified upregulation of Cxcl9 within intratumoral DCs during combination therapy, and therapeutic efficacy was ablated by CXCR3 blockade, Batf3 deficiency, or Irf8 deficiency. de Mingo Pulido et al. show that intratumoral CD103+ dendritic cells (DCs) highly express TIM-3. Anti-TIM-3 antibody promotes CXCL9 expression by these DCs, which enhances the function of CD8+ T cells, thereby improving paclitaxel's therapeutic activity in breast cancer models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-74.e6
JournalCancer Cell
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 8 2018


  • TIM-3
  • breast cancer
  • chemotherapy
  • dendritic cells
  • galectin-9
  • immunotherapy
  • paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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