BACKGROUND: Preinjury antiplatelet agent (APA) use in trauma patients can increase traumatic hemorrhage and worsen outcomes. Thromboelastography with platelet mapping (TEGPM) has characterized platelet function via arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inhibition in nontrauma settings, but limited data exist in the acute trauma population. METHODS: A prospective observational study of adult trauma patients with suspected preinjury APA use who received TEGPM testing from 2017 to 2020 was performed. Patients on anticoagulants were excluded. Patients were grouped according to preinjury APA regimen: 81 mg or 325 mg of aspirin daily, 81 mg of aspirin and 75 mg of clopidrogrel daily, 75 mg of clopidrogrel daily, or no antiplatelet. Ability of TEGPM to detect APA use was assessed using predictive statistics and area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs). RESULTS: A total of 824 patients were included with most patients taking 81 mg of aspirin (n = 558). Patients on no antiplatelet were younger and had higher baseline platelet counts, while patients on 75 mg of clopidrogrel were more likely to be admitted after ground level fall. All other baseline characteristics were balanced. Admission TEG values were similar between groups. Median AA inhibition was higher in patients on aspirin containing regimens (p < 0.0001). Median ADP inhibition was higher in patients on clopidogrel containing regimens and those taking 325 mg of aspirin (p < 0.0001). Arachidonic acid inhibition accurately detected preinjury APA use and aspirin use (AUROC, 0.89 and 0.84, respectively); however, ADP inhibition performed poorly (AUROC, 0.58). Neither AA nor ADP inhibition was able to discern specific APA regimens or rule out APA use entirely. CONCLUSION: High AA inhibition accurately detects preinjury APA use in trauma patients. High ADP inhibition after trauma is common, limiting its utility to accurately identify preinjury APA use. Further study is needed to identify assays that can reliably detect and further characterize preinjury APA use in trauma populations. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic test, level II.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine