Three-dimensional myocardial contrast echocardiography: Validation of in vivo risk and infarct volumes

Andre Z. Linka, Gursel Ates, Kevin Wei, Soroosh Firoozan, Danny M. Skyba, Sanjiv Kaul

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    24 Scopus citations


    Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine whether three- dimensional (3D) myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) could provide an accurate in vivo assessment of risk and infarct volumes. Background. MCE has been shown to accurately define risk area and infarct size in single tomographic slices. The ability of this technique to measure risk and infarct volumes by using three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has not been determined. Methods. Fifteen open chest dogs underwent variable durations of coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. At each stage, MCE was performed by using left atrial injection of AIP201, a deposit microbubble with a mean diameter of 10 ± 4 μm and a mean concentration of 1.5 · 107 · ml-1. Images were obtained over a 180°arc with use of an automated rotational device and were stored in computer as a 3D data set. Postmortem risk area and infarct size were measured in six to eight left ventricular short-axis slices of equal thickness using technetium-99m autoradiography and tissue staining, respectively. MCE images corresponding to these planes were reconstructed off-line. Results. A close linear relation was noted between the volume of myocardium not showing contrast enhancement on 3D MCE during coronary occlusion and postmortem risk volume (y = 1.2x - 3.0, r = 0.83, SEE = 5.1, n = 15). The volume of myocardium not showing contrast enhancement on 3D MCE after reperfusion also closely correlated with postmortem infarct volume (y = 1.1x - 3.9, r = 0.88, SEE = 4.8, n = 11). No changes in systemic hemodynamic variables were noted with injections of AIP201. Conclusions. When combined with AIP201, a deposit microbubble, 3D MCE can be used to accurately determine both risk and infarct volumes in vivo. This method could be used to assess the effects of interventions that attempt to alter the infarct/risk volume ratio.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1892-1899
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
    Issue number7
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1997


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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