Thiazolidine prodrugs as protective agents against γ-radiation-induced toxicity and mutagenesis in V79 cells

B. H. Wilmore, P. B. Cassidy, R. L. Warters, J. C. Roberts

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21 Scopus citations


Representatives of two classes of thiazolidine prodrug forms of the well-known radioprotective agents L-cysteine, cysteamine, and 2-[(aminopropyl)amino]ethanethiol (WR-1065) were synthesized by condensing the parent thiolamine with an appropriate carbonyl donor. Inherent toxicity of the prodrugs was assessed in V79 cells using a clonogenic survival assay. Protection against radiation-induced cell death was measured similarly after exposure to 0-8 Gy γ (137Cs) radiation. Antimutagenic activity was determined at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) locus. All thiazolidine prodrugs exhibited less toxicity than their parent thiolamines, sometimes dramatically so. Protection against radiation-induced cell death was observed for the 2-alkylthiazolidine, 2(R,S)-D-ribo-(1′,2′,3′,4′-tetrahydroxybutyl) thiazolidine (RibCyst), which produced a protection factor at 8 Gy of 1.8; the cysteine analogue, 2(R,S)-D-ribo-(1′,2′,3′,4′-tetrahydroxybutyl) thiazolidine-4(R)-carboxylic acid (RibCys), was less active. RibCyst also exhibited excellent antimutational activity, rivaling that of WR-1065. The 2-oxothiazolidine analogues showed little activity in either determination under the conditions tested, perhaps due to their enhanced chemical and biochemical stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2661-2666
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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