Theoretical modelling of fibrinogen supplementation with therapeutic plasma, cryoprecipitate, or fibrinogen concentrate

P. W. Collins, C. Solomon, K. Sutor, D. Crispin, G. Hochleitner, S. Rizoli, H. Schöchl, M. Schreiber, M. Ranucci

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    58 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background. We aimed to create a theoretical tool to model the effect of three haemostatic agents containing fibrinogen (therapeutic plasma, cryoprecipitate, and fibrinogen concentrate) on the patient's plasma fibrinogen level. Methods. A mathematical model was developed step-wise. The relationship between the amount of haemostatic agent and plasma fibrinogen level was plotted for each agent. A fibrinogen concentration simulator (FCSamount) was developed, where the amount of haemostatic agent was calculated from patient characteristics, agent characteristics, and target plasma fibrinogen level. Refinements were introduced so that (i) FCSamount would account for in vivo fibrinogen recovery, (ii) circulatory volume would not increase ad infinitum with increasing amounts, and (iii) red blood cells would be included in the simulation if haematocrit decreased below a certain level. A second FCS (FCSlevel) was created to calculate fibrinogen levels resulting fromspecified amounts of haemostatic agents. Results. Fibrinogen concentration in haemostatic agents has a critical impact on their ability to increase patients' fibrinogen levels. If the target plasma fibrinogen level approaches the concentration of the fibrinogen source, the required amounts increase exponentially; it is impossible to achieve a target above the concentration of the fibrinogen source. Conclusions. We successfully developed two theoretical tools answering the questions: 'How much therapeutic plasma, cryoprecipitate, or fibrinogen concentrate would be needed to achieve a specified target fibrinogen level?' and 'What would be the resultant fibrinogen level for a specified amount of haemostatic agent?' The current tools are not intended for clinical application, but they are potentially useful for educational purposes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)585-595
    Number of pages11
    JournalBritish journal of anaesthesia
    Volume113
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

    Keywords

    • Computer simulation
    • Cryoprecipitate
    • Drug dosage calculations
    • Fibrinogen
    • Plasma

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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    Collins, P. W., Solomon, C., Sutor, K., Crispin, D., Hochleitner, G., Rizoli, S., Schöchl, H., Schreiber, M., & Ranucci, M. (2014). Theoretical modelling of fibrinogen supplementation with therapeutic plasma, cryoprecipitate, or fibrinogen concentrate. British journal of anaesthesia, 113(4), 585-595. https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/aeu086