The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes

Paul A. Northcott, Ivo Buchhalter, A. Sorana Morrissy, Volker Hovestadt, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Tobias Ehrenberger, Susanne Gröbner, Maia Segura-Wang, Thomas Zichner, Vasilisa A. Rudneva, Hans Jörg Warnatz, Nikos Sidiropoulos, Aaron H. Phillips, Steven Schumacher, Kortine Kleinheinz, Sebastian M. Waszak, Serap Erkek, David T.W. Jones, Barbara C. Worst, Marcel KoolMarc Zapatka, Natalie Jäger, Lukas Chavez, Barbara Hutter, Matthias Bieg, Nagarajan Paramasivam, Michael Heinold, Zuguang Gu, Naveed Ishaque, Christina Jäger-Schmidt, Charles D. Imbusch, Alke Jugold, Daniel Hübschmann, Thomas Risch, Vyacheslav Amstislavskiy, Francisco German Rodriguez Gonzalez, Ursula D. Weber, Stephan Wolf, Giles W. Robinson, Xin Zhou, Gang Wu, David Finkelstein, Yanling Liu, Florence M.G. Cavalli, Betty Luu, Vijay Ramaswamy, Xiaochong Wu, Jan Koster, Marina Ryzhova, Yoon-Jae Cho, Scott L. Pomeroy, Christel Herold-Mende, Martin Schuhmann, Martin Ebinger, Linda M. Liau, Jaume Mora, Roger E. McLendon, Nada Jabado, Toshihiro Kumabe, Eric Chuah, Yussanne Ma, Richard A. Moore, Andrew J. Mungall, Karen L. Mungall, Nina Thiessen, Kane Tse, Tina Wong, Steven J.M. Jones, Olaf Witt, Till Milde, Andreas Von Deimling, David Capper, Andrey Korshunov, Marie Laure Yaspo, Richard Kriwacki, Amar Gajjar, Jinghui Zhang, Rameen Beroukhim, Ernest Fraenkel, Jan O. Korbel, Benedikt Brors, Matthias Schlesner, Roland Eils, Marco A. Marra, Stefan M. Pfister, Michael D. Taylor, Peter Lichter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current therapies for medulloblastoma, a highly malignant childhood brain tumour, impose debilitating effects on the developing child, and highlight the need for molecularly targeted treatments with reduced toxicity. Previous studies have been unable to identify the full spectrum of driver genes and molecular processes that operate in medulloblastoma subgroups. Here we analyse the somatic landscape across 491 sequenced medulloblastoma samples and the molecular heterogeneity among 1,256 epigenetically analysed cases, and identify subgroup-specific driver alterations that include previously undiscovered actionable targets. Driver mutations were confidently assigned to most patients belonging to Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma subgroups, greatly enhancing previous knowledge. New molecular subtypes were differentially enriched for specific driver events, including hotspot in-frame insertions that target KBTBD4 and 'enhancer hijacking' events that activate PRDM6. Thus, the application of integrative genomics to an extensive cohort of clinical samples derived from a single childhood cancer entity revealed a series of cancer genes and biologically relevant subtype diversity that represent attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of patients with medulloblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-317
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume547
Issue number7663
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2017

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Medulloblastoma
Genome
Neoplasm Genes
Therapeutics
Genomics
Brain Neoplasms
Mutation
Genes
Neoplasms

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Northcott, P. A., Buchhalter, I., Morrissy, A. S., Hovestadt, V., Weischenfeldt, J., Ehrenberger, T., ... Lichter, P. (2017). The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes. Nature, 547(7663), 311-317. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22973

The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes. / Northcott, Paul A.; Buchhalter, Ivo; Morrissy, A. Sorana; Hovestadt, Volker; Weischenfeldt, Joachim; Ehrenberger, Tobias; Gröbner, Susanne; Segura-Wang, Maia; Zichner, Thomas; Rudneva, Vasilisa A.; Warnatz, Hans Jörg; Sidiropoulos, Nikos; Phillips, Aaron H.; Schumacher, Steven; Kleinheinz, Kortine; Waszak, Sebastian M.; Erkek, Serap; Jones, David T.W.; Worst, Barbara C.; Kool, Marcel; Zapatka, Marc; Jäger, Natalie; Chavez, Lukas; Hutter, Barbara; Bieg, Matthias; Paramasivam, Nagarajan; Heinold, Michael; Gu, Zuguang; Ishaque, Naveed; Jäger-Schmidt, Christina; Imbusch, Charles D.; Jugold, Alke; Hübschmann, Daniel; Risch, Thomas; Amstislavskiy, Vyacheslav; Gonzalez, Francisco German Rodriguez; Weber, Ursula D.; Wolf, Stephan; Robinson, Giles W.; Zhou, Xin; Wu, Gang; Finkelstein, David; Liu, Yanling; Cavalli, Florence M.G.; Luu, Betty; Ramaswamy, Vijay; Wu, Xiaochong; Koster, Jan; Ryzhova, Marina; Cho, Yoon-Jae; Pomeroy, Scott L.; Herold-Mende, Christel; Schuhmann, Martin; Ebinger, Martin; Liau, Linda M.; Mora, Jaume; McLendon, Roger E.; Jabado, Nada; Kumabe, Toshihiro; Chuah, Eric; Ma, Yussanne; Moore, Richard A.; Mungall, Andrew J.; Mungall, Karen L.; Thiessen, Nina; Tse, Kane; Wong, Tina; Jones, Steven J.M.; Witt, Olaf; Milde, Till; Von Deimling, Andreas; Capper, David; Korshunov, Andrey; Yaspo, Marie Laure; Kriwacki, Richard; Gajjar, Amar; Zhang, Jinghui; Beroukhim, Rameen; Fraenkel, Ernest; Korbel, Jan O.; Brors, Benedikt; Schlesner, Matthias; Eils, Roland; Marra, Marco A.; Pfister, Stefan M.; Taylor, Michael D.; Lichter, Peter.

In: Nature, Vol. 547, No. 7663, 19.07.2017, p. 311-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Northcott, PA, Buchhalter, I, Morrissy, AS, Hovestadt, V, Weischenfeldt, J, Ehrenberger, T, Gröbner, S, Segura-Wang, M, Zichner, T, Rudneva, VA, Warnatz, HJ, Sidiropoulos, N, Phillips, AH, Schumacher, S, Kleinheinz, K, Waszak, SM, Erkek, S, Jones, DTW, Worst, BC, Kool, M, Zapatka, M, Jäger, N, Chavez, L, Hutter, B, Bieg, M, Paramasivam, N, Heinold, M, Gu, Z, Ishaque, N, Jäger-Schmidt, C, Imbusch, CD, Jugold, A, Hübschmann, D, Risch, T, Amstislavskiy, V, Gonzalez, FGR, Weber, UD, Wolf, S, Robinson, GW, Zhou, X, Wu, G, Finkelstein, D, Liu, Y, Cavalli, FMG, Luu, B, Ramaswamy, V, Wu, X, Koster, J, Ryzhova, M, Cho, Y-J, Pomeroy, SL, Herold-Mende, C, Schuhmann, M, Ebinger, M, Liau, LM, Mora, J, McLendon, RE, Jabado, N, Kumabe, T, Chuah, E, Ma, Y, Moore, RA, Mungall, AJ, Mungall, KL, Thiessen, N, Tse, K, Wong, T, Jones, SJM, Witt, O, Milde, T, Von Deimling, A, Capper, D, Korshunov, A, Yaspo, ML, Kriwacki, R, Gajjar, A, Zhang, J, Beroukhim, R, Fraenkel, E, Korbel, JO, Brors, B, Schlesner, M, Eils, R, Marra, MA, Pfister, SM, Taylor, MD & Lichter, P 2017, 'The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes', Nature, vol. 547, no. 7663, pp. 311-317. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22973
Northcott PA, Buchhalter I, Morrissy AS, Hovestadt V, Weischenfeldt J, Ehrenberger T et al. The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes. Nature. 2017 Jul 19;547(7663):311-317. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22973
Northcott, Paul A. ; Buchhalter, Ivo ; Morrissy, A. Sorana ; Hovestadt, Volker ; Weischenfeldt, Joachim ; Ehrenberger, Tobias ; Gröbner, Susanne ; Segura-Wang, Maia ; Zichner, Thomas ; Rudneva, Vasilisa A. ; Warnatz, Hans Jörg ; Sidiropoulos, Nikos ; Phillips, Aaron H. ; Schumacher, Steven ; Kleinheinz, Kortine ; Waszak, Sebastian M. ; Erkek, Serap ; Jones, David T.W. ; Worst, Barbara C. ; Kool, Marcel ; Zapatka, Marc ; Jäger, Natalie ; Chavez, Lukas ; Hutter, Barbara ; Bieg, Matthias ; Paramasivam, Nagarajan ; Heinold, Michael ; Gu, Zuguang ; Ishaque, Naveed ; Jäger-Schmidt, Christina ; Imbusch, Charles D. ; Jugold, Alke ; Hübschmann, Daniel ; Risch, Thomas ; Amstislavskiy, Vyacheslav ; Gonzalez, Francisco German Rodriguez ; Weber, Ursula D. ; Wolf, Stephan ; Robinson, Giles W. ; Zhou, Xin ; Wu, Gang ; Finkelstein, David ; Liu, Yanling ; Cavalli, Florence M.G. ; Luu, Betty ; Ramaswamy, Vijay ; Wu, Xiaochong ; Koster, Jan ; Ryzhova, Marina ; Cho, Yoon-Jae ; Pomeroy, Scott L. ; Herold-Mende, Christel ; Schuhmann, Martin ; Ebinger, Martin ; Liau, Linda M. ; Mora, Jaume ; McLendon, Roger E. ; Jabado, Nada ; Kumabe, Toshihiro ; Chuah, Eric ; Ma, Yussanne ; Moore, Richard A. ; Mungall, Andrew J. ; Mungall, Karen L. ; Thiessen, Nina ; Tse, Kane ; Wong, Tina ; Jones, Steven J.M. ; Witt, Olaf ; Milde, Till ; Von Deimling, Andreas ; Capper, David ; Korshunov, Andrey ; Yaspo, Marie Laure ; Kriwacki, Richard ; Gajjar, Amar ; Zhang, Jinghui ; Beroukhim, Rameen ; Fraenkel, Ernest ; Korbel, Jan O. ; Brors, Benedikt ; Schlesner, Matthias ; Eils, Roland ; Marra, Marco A. ; Pfister, Stefan M. ; Taylor, Michael D. ; Lichter, Peter. / The whole-genome landscape of medulloblastoma subtypes. In: Nature. 2017 ; Vol. 547, No. 7663. pp. 311-317.
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abstract = "Current therapies for medulloblastoma, a highly malignant childhood brain tumour, impose debilitating effects on the developing child, and highlight the need for molecularly targeted treatments with reduced toxicity. Previous studies have been unable to identify the full spectrum of driver genes and molecular processes that operate in medulloblastoma subgroups. Here we analyse the somatic landscape across 491 sequenced medulloblastoma samples and the molecular heterogeneity among 1,256 epigenetically analysed cases, and identify subgroup-specific driver alterations that include previously undiscovered actionable targets. Driver mutations were confidently assigned to most patients belonging to Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma subgroups, greatly enhancing previous knowledge. New molecular subtypes were differentially enriched for specific driver events, including hotspot in-frame insertions that target KBTBD4 and 'enhancer hijacking' events that activate PRDM6. Thus, the application of integrative genomics to an extensive cohort of clinical samples derived from a single childhood cancer entity revealed a series of cancer genes and biologically relevant subtype diversity that represent attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of patients with medulloblastoma.",
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AU - Buchhalter, Ivo

AU - Morrissy, A. Sorana

AU - Hovestadt, Volker

AU - Weischenfeldt, Joachim

AU - Ehrenberger, Tobias

AU - Gröbner, Susanne

AU - Segura-Wang, Maia

AU - Zichner, Thomas

AU - Rudneva, Vasilisa A.

AU - Warnatz, Hans Jörg

AU - Sidiropoulos, Nikos

AU - Phillips, Aaron H.

AU - Schumacher, Steven

AU - Kleinheinz, Kortine

AU - Waszak, Sebastian M.

AU - Erkek, Serap

AU - Jones, David T.W.

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AU - Kool, Marcel

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AU - Amstislavskiy, Vyacheslav

AU - Gonzalez, Francisco German Rodriguez

AU - Weber, Ursula D.

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AU - Liau, Linda M.

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AU - McLendon, Roger E.

AU - Jabado, Nada

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AU - Chuah, Eric

AU - Ma, Yussanne

AU - Moore, Richard A.

AU - Mungall, Andrew J.

AU - Mungall, Karen L.

AU - Thiessen, Nina

AU - Tse, Kane

AU - Wong, Tina

AU - Jones, Steven J.M.

AU - Witt, Olaf

AU - Milde, Till

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AU - Capper, David

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AU - Yaspo, Marie Laure

AU - Kriwacki, Richard

AU - Gajjar, Amar

AU - Zhang, Jinghui

AU - Beroukhim, Rameen

AU - Fraenkel, Ernest

AU - Korbel, Jan O.

AU - Brors, Benedikt

AU - Schlesner, Matthias

AU - Eils, Roland

AU - Marra, Marco A.

AU - Pfister, Stefan M.

AU - Taylor, Michael D.

AU - Lichter, Peter

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