The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls

Keiran Tuck, Tow Chan Yeow, John G L Morris, Fran Baker, Victor S C Fung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Fogs' test elicits non-homologous associated movements which reflect underlying pathology or immaturity of the CNS, but has not been thoroughly studied. We filmed participants performing a modified Fogs' test and developed a reliable scoring system for the associated movements. We assessed scores in healthy controls of all ages and compared scores in dystonia and parkinsonism to age similar controls. Associated movements were marked in children, lessened as they matured into adults, and then increased in old age. Associated movements were marked in dystonia but not in parkinsonism. Our scoring system showed robust inter- and intra-rater reliability. The Fogs' test is a reliable addition to the clinical examination that can be used to screen for both normal and abnormal neurological status. We suggest a potential neural pathway via cervical-lumbosacral connections within the spinal cord which are modulated by propriospinal and cerebral input.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-124
Number of pages4
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dystonia
Weather
Parkinsonian Disorders
Neural Pathways
Spinal Cord
Pathology

Keywords

  • Associated movements
  • Dystonia
  • Fogs' test
  • Gait
  • Parkinsonism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

Tuck, K., Yeow, T. C., Morris, J. G. L., Baker, F., & Fung, V. S. C. (2011). The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls. Movement Disorders, 26(1), 121-124. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23431

The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls. / Tuck, Keiran; Yeow, Tow Chan; Morris, John G L; Baker, Fran; Fung, Victor S C.

In: Movement Disorders, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 121-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tuck, Keiran ; Yeow, Tow Chan ; Morris, John G L ; Baker, Fran ; Fung, Victor S C. / The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls. In: Movement Disorders. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 121-124.
@article{0488026f8628469d9b26365b07c92e64,
title = "The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls",
abstract = "The Fogs' test elicits non-homologous associated movements which reflect underlying pathology or immaturity of the CNS, but has not been thoroughly studied. We filmed participants performing a modified Fogs' test and developed a reliable scoring system for the associated movements. We assessed scores in healthy controls of all ages and compared scores in dystonia and parkinsonism to age similar controls. Associated movements were marked in children, lessened as they matured into adults, and then increased in old age. Associated movements were marked in dystonia but not in parkinsonism. Our scoring system showed robust inter- and intra-rater reliability. The Fogs' test is a reliable addition to the clinical examination that can be used to screen for both normal and abnormal neurological status. We suggest a potential neural pathway via cervical-lumbosacral connections within the spinal cord which are modulated by propriospinal and cerebral input.",
keywords = "Associated movements, Dystonia, Fogs' test, Gait, Parkinsonism",
author = "Keiran Tuck and Yeow, {Tow Chan} and Morris, {John G L} and Fran Baker and Fung, {Victor S C}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/mds.23431",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "121--124",
journal = "Movement Disorders",
issn = "0885-3185",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The use of Fogs' test to assess associated movements in Parkinsonism, dystonia, and controls

AU - Tuck, Keiran

AU - Yeow, Tow Chan

AU - Morris, John G L

AU - Baker, Fran

AU - Fung, Victor S C

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - The Fogs' test elicits non-homologous associated movements which reflect underlying pathology or immaturity of the CNS, but has not been thoroughly studied. We filmed participants performing a modified Fogs' test and developed a reliable scoring system for the associated movements. We assessed scores in healthy controls of all ages and compared scores in dystonia and parkinsonism to age similar controls. Associated movements were marked in children, lessened as they matured into adults, and then increased in old age. Associated movements were marked in dystonia but not in parkinsonism. Our scoring system showed robust inter- and intra-rater reliability. The Fogs' test is a reliable addition to the clinical examination that can be used to screen for both normal and abnormal neurological status. We suggest a potential neural pathway via cervical-lumbosacral connections within the spinal cord which are modulated by propriospinal and cerebral input.

AB - The Fogs' test elicits non-homologous associated movements which reflect underlying pathology or immaturity of the CNS, but has not been thoroughly studied. We filmed participants performing a modified Fogs' test and developed a reliable scoring system for the associated movements. We assessed scores in healthy controls of all ages and compared scores in dystonia and parkinsonism to age similar controls. Associated movements were marked in children, lessened as they matured into adults, and then increased in old age. Associated movements were marked in dystonia but not in parkinsonism. Our scoring system showed robust inter- and intra-rater reliability. The Fogs' test is a reliable addition to the clinical examination that can be used to screen for both normal and abnormal neurological status. We suggest a potential neural pathway via cervical-lumbosacral connections within the spinal cord which are modulated by propriospinal and cerebral input.

KW - Associated movements

KW - Dystonia

KW - Fogs' test

KW - Gait

KW - Parkinsonism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951495218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79951495218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/mds.23431

DO - 10.1002/mds.23431

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 121

EP - 124

JO - Movement Disorders

JF - Movement Disorders

SN - 0885-3185

IS - 1

ER -