The role of imaging in pediatric bladder augmentation

Micheál Breen, Andrew Phelps, Carlos Estrada, Jeanne S. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bladder augmentation (also called augmentation cystoplasty) refers to a number of surgical methods that increase the capacity and compliance of the urinary bladder. Imaging has an important role in the postoperative evaluation of bladder augmentation. The most common augmentation procedures utilize enteric segments to augment the bladder. The various types of bladder augmentation have characteristic appearances on different imaging modalities. Spontaneous bladder perforation is a complication that is seen in both early and late post-operative periods and it is one of the most important complications for radiologists to be aware of as it is life-threatening. We review the indications for bladder augmentation in children, the surgical techniques employed, the normal postoperative appearances on imaging studies and the role of imaging complications of bladder augmentation including delayed spontaneous bladder rupture, which is life-threatening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1440-1447
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Augmentation cystoplasty
  • Bladder
  • Bladder augmentation
  • Children
  • Cystogram
  • Delayed spontaneous bladder rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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