The role of cyclooxygenase-2 in mechanical ventilation-induced lung injury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanical ventilation is necessary for patients with acute respiratory failure, but can cause or propagate lung injury. We previously identified cyclooxygenase-2 as a candidate gene in mechanical ventilation- induced lung injury. Our objective was to determine the role of cyclooxygenase-2 in mechanical ventilation-induced lung injury and the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition on lung inflammation andbarrier disruption.Mice were mechanically ventilated at low and high tidal volumes, in the presence or absence of pharmacologic cyclooxygenase- 2-specific inhibition with 3-(4- methylsulphonylphenyl)-4-phenyl- 5-trifluoromethylisoxazole (CAY10404). Lung injury was assessed usingmarkers of alveolar-capillary leakage and lung inflammation. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression and activity were measured by Western blotting, real-time PCR, and lung/plasma prostanoid analysis, and tissue sectionswere analyzed for cyclooxygenase-2 staining by immunohistochemistry. High tidal volume ventilation induced lung injury, significantly increasing both lung leakage and lung inflammation relative to control and low tidal volume ventilation. High tidal volume mechanical ventilation significantly induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and activity, both in the lungs and systemically, compared with control mice and low tidal volume mice. The immunohistochemical analysis of lung sections localized cyclooxygenase-2 expression to monocytes and macrophages in the alveoli. The pharmacologic inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 with CAY10404 significantly decreased cyclooxygenase activity and attenuated lung injury inmice ventilated at high tidal volume, attenuating barrier disruption, tissue inflammation, andinflammatory cell signaling. This study demonstrates the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 by mechanical ventilation, and suggests that the therapeutic inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 may attenuate ventilator-induced acute lung injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-394
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Cyclooxygenase-2
  • Lung injury
  • Mechanical ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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