To determine if increased 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase activity in activated lymphocytes may be responsible for the decreased inhibitory effect noted when 5′-methylthioadenosine is added after stimulation, the activity of this enzyme was monitored during lymphocyte transformation. A direct correlation existed between the transformation process and 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase activity; the longer the stimulation process progressed, the greater the enzyme activity. The 7-deaza analog of 5′-methylthioadenosine, 5′-methylthiotubercidin, was utilized to explore further the role that the phosphorylase may play in the reversal process. 5′-Methylthioadenosine acted as a potent inhibitor, but not a substrate, of the 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, and was an even more potent inhibitor of lymphocyte transformation than 5′-methylthioadenosine. However, in direct contrast to the 5′-methylthioadenosine effect, inhibition by 5′-methylthiotubercidin could not be completely reversed. These data suggest the 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase plays an important role in reversing 5′-methylthioadenosine-mediated inhibition and that the potent, nonreversible inhibitory effects of 5′-methylthiotubercidin are due to its resistance to 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase degradation.
- 5′-Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase
- Lymphocyte tranformation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology