The role of 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase in 5′-methylthioadenosine-mediated inhibition of lymphocyte transformation

Adolph J. Ferro, Arther A. Vandenbark, Kevin Marchitto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine if increased 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase activity in activated lymphocytes may be responsible for the decreased inhibitory effect noted when 5′-methylthioadenosine is added after stimulation, the activity of this enzyme was monitored during lymphocyte transformation. A direct correlation existed between the transformation process and 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase activity; the longer the stimulation process progressed, the greater the enzyme activity. The 7-deaza analog of 5′-methylthioadenosine, 5′-methylthiotubercidin, was utilized to explore further the role that the phosphorylase may play in the reversal process. 5′-Methylthioadenosine acted as a potent inhibitor, but not a substrate, of the 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, and was an even more potent inhibitor of lymphocyte transformation than 5′-methylthioadenosine. However, in direct contrast to the 5′-methylthioadenosine effect, inhibition by 5′-methylthiotubercidin could not be completely reversed. These data suggest the 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase plays an important role in reversing 5′-methylthioadenosine-mediated inhibition and that the potent, nonreversible inhibitory effects of 5′-methylthiotubercidin are due to its resistance to 5′-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-301
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume588
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 1979

Keywords

  • 5′-Methylthioadenosine
  • 5′-Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase
  • 5′-Methylthiotubercidin
  • Lymphocyte tranformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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