The role for preimplantation genetic diagnosis in balanced translocation carriers

Jone E. Sampson, Nadia Ouhibi, Helen Lawce, Phillip E. Patton, David E. Battaglia, Kenneth A. Burry, Susan B. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is an established technique that provides an alternative to prenatal diagnosis for patients who are at risk of transmitting a serious genetic disorder to their offspring. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis has been used for couples who have been at risk for having offspring with single gene or X-linked disorders and for screening for common age-related aneuploidy and in couples who themselves carry balanced chromosomal rearrangements. The aim of this study was to summarize our experience using preimplantation genetic diagnosis after the identification of a parental balanced translocation, specifically as it relates to the number of embryos that are suitable for transfer after preimplantation genetic diagnosis for a known translocation and aneuploidy screening. Study design This is a retrospective review of data from a single center that involved 6 couples that initiated the process of preimplantation genetic diagnosis for translocation and aneuploidy screening by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Results A total of 65 embryos were obtained, of which 56 embryos (86%) were suitable for fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis. After fluorescent in situ hybridization, 1 embryo was diagnosed as normal or balanced (1.7%). Forty-three embryos (76.8%) were unbalanced for the translocation; 8 embryos (14.3%) were aneuploid, and 4 embryos (7.1%) were uninformative. There were no clinical pregnancies. Conclusion In our experience, there are very few embryos that are available for transfer from these patients after translocation and aneuploidy screening because of multiple unbalanced segregation products and a high rate of aneuploidy. Factors that contributed to this may be related to which parent carries the translocation, methods that were used for in vitro fertilization, and advanced maternal age. Although preimplantation genetic diagnosis for translocation carriers theoretically can enhance the pregnancy rate for a couple, there are limitations. This information should be shared with couples who are contemplating preimplantation genetic diagnosis for translocation, and the options of sperm or egg donor should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1707-1713
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume190
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Keywords

  • Aneuploidy
  • Balanced translocation
  • Fluorescent in situ hybridization
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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