The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements

Benjamin S. Liu, Sergey Tarima, Alexis Visotcky, Alex Pechauer, Robert F. Cooper, Leah Landsem, Melissa A. Wilk, Pooja Godara, Vikram Makhijani, Yusufu N. Sulai, Najia Syed, Galen Yasumura, Anupam K. Garg, Mark Pennesi, Brandon Lujan, Alfredo Dubra, Jacque L. Duncan, Joseph Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) enables direct visualisation of the cone mosaic, with metrics such as cone density and cell spacing used to assess the integrity or health of the mosaic. Here we examined the interobserver and interinstrument reliability of cone density measurements. Methods: For the interobserver reliability study, 30 subjects with no vision-limiting pathology were imaged. Three image sequences were acquired at a single parafoveal location and aligned to ensure that the three images were from the same retinal location. Ten observers used a semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image, and this was repeated three times for each image. To assess inter-instrument reliability, 20 subjects were imaged at eight parafoveal locations on one AOSLO, followed by the same set of locations on the second AOSLO. A single observer manually aligned the pairs of images and used the semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image. Results: Based on a factorial study design model and a variance components model, the interobserver study's largest contribution to variability was the subject (95.72%) while the observer's contribution was only 1.03%. For the inter-instrument study, an average cone density intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of between 0.931 and 0.975 was calculated. Conclusions: With the AOSLOs used here, reliable cone density measurements can be obtained between observers and between instruments. Additional work is needed to determine how these results vary with differences in image quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1126-1131
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume98
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Ophthalmoscopy
Light
Cell Count
Pathology
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Liu, B. S., Tarima, S., Visotcky, A., Pechauer, A., Cooper, R. F., Landsem, L., ... Carroll, J. (2014). The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 98(8), 1126-1131. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-304823

The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements. / Liu, Benjamin S.; Tarima, Sergey; Visotcky, Alexis; Pechauer, Alex; Cooper, Robert F.; Landsem, Leah; Wilk, Melissa A.; Godara, Pooja; Makhijani, Vikram; Sulai, Yusufu N.; Syed, Najia; Yasumura, Galen; Garg, Anupam K.; Pennesi, Mark; Lujan, Brandon; Dubra, Alfredo; Duncan, Jacque L.; Carroll, Joseph.

In: British Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 98, No. 8, 2014, p. 1126-1131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, BS, Tarima, S, Visotcky, A, Pechauer, A, Cooper, RF, Landsem, L, Wilk, MA, Godara, P, Makhijani, V, Sulai, YN, Syed, N, Yasumura, G, Garg, AK, Pennesi, M, Lujan, B, Dubra, A, Duncan, JL & Carroll, J 2014, 'The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements', British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 1126-1131. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-304823
Liu BS, Tarima S, Visotcky A, Pechauer A, Cooper RF, Landsem L et al. The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014;98(8):1126-1131. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-304823
Liu, Benjamin S. ; Tarima, Sergey ; Visotcky, Alexis ; Pechauer, Alex ; Cooper, Robert F. ; Landsem, Leah ; Wilk, Melissa A. ; Godara, Pooja ; Makhijani, Vikram ; Sulai, Yusufu N. ; Syed, Najia ; Yasumura, Galen ; Garg, Anupam K. ; Pennesi, Mark ; Lujan, Brandon ; Dubra, Alfredo ; Duncan, Jacque L. ; Carroll, Joseph. / The reliability of parafoveal cone density measurements. In: British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014 ; Vol. 98, No. 8. pp. 1126-1131.
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abstract = "Background: Adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) enables direct visualisation of the cone mosaic, with metrics such as cone density and cell spacing used to assess the integrity or health of the mosaic. Here we examined the interobserver and interinstrument reliability of cone density measurements. Methods: For the interobserver reliability study, 30 subjects with no vision-limiting pathology were imaged. Three image sequences were acquired at a single parafoveal location and aligned to ensure that the three images were from the same retinal location. Ten observers used a semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image, and this was repeated three times for each image. To assess inter-instrument reliability, 20 subjects were imaged at eight parafoveal locations on one AOSLO, followed by the same set of locations on the second AOSLO. A single observer manually aligned the pairs of images and used the semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image. Results: Based on a factorial study design model and a variance components model, the interobserver study's largest contribution to variability was the subject (95.72{\%}) while the observer's contribution was only 1.03{\%}. For the inter-instrument study, an average cone density intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of between 0.931 and 0.975 was calculated. Conclusions: With the AOSLOs used here, reliable cone density measurements can be obtained between observers and between instruments. Additional work is needed to determine how these results vary with differences in image quality.",
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AU - Tarima, Sergey

AU - Visotcky, Alexis

AU - Pechauer, Alex

AU - Cooper, Robert F.

AU - Landsem, Leah

AU - Wilk, Melissa A.

AU - Godara, Pooja

AU - Makhijani, Vikram

AU - Sulai, Yusufu N.

AU - Syed, Najia

AU - Yasumura, Galen

AU - Garg, Anupam K.

AU - Pennesi, Mark

AU - Lujan, Brandon

AU - Dubra, Alfredo

AU - Duncan, Jacque L.

AU - Carroll, Joseph

PY - 2014

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N2 - Background: Adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) enables direct visualisation of the cone mosaic, with metrics such as cone density and cell spacing used to assess the integrity or health of the mosaic. Here we examined the interobserver and interinstrument reliability of cone density measurements. Methods: For the interobserver reliability study, 30 subjects with no vision-limiting pathology were imaged. Three image sequences were acquired at a single parafoveal location and aligned to ensure that the three images were from the same retinal location. Ten observers used a semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image, and this was repeated three times for each image. To assess inter-instrument reliability, 20 subjects were imaged at eight parafoveal locations on one AOSLO, followed by the same set of locations on the second AOSLO. A single observer manually aligned the pairs of images and used the semiautomated algorithm to identify the cones in each image. Results: Based on a factorial study design model and a variance components model, the interobserver study's largest contribution to variability was the subject (95.72%) while the observer's contribution was only 1.03%. For the inter-instrument study, an average cone density intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of between 0.931 and 0.975 was calculated. Conclusions: With the AOSLOs used here, reliable cone density measurements can be obtained between observers and between instruments. Additional work is needed to determine how these results vary with differences in image quality.

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