The Relationship of Nosocomial Infection Reduction to Changes in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Rates of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Wannasiri Lapcharoensap, Peiyi Kan, Richard J. Powers, Gary M. Shaw, David K. Stevenson, Jeffrey B. Gould, David D. Wirtschafter, Henry C. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine whether recent reductions in rates of nosocomial infection have contributed to changes in rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in a population-based cohort. Study design This was a retrospective, population-based cohort study that used the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative database from 2006 to 2013. Eligible infants included those less than 30 weeks' gestational age and less than 1500 g who survived to 3 days of life. Primary variables of interest were rates of nosocomial infections and BPD. Adjusted rates of nosocomial infections and BPD from a baseline period (2006-2010) were compared with a later period (2011-2013). The correlation of changes in rates across periods for both variables was assessed by hospital of care. Results A total of 22 967 infants from 129 hospitals were included in the study. From the first to second time period, the incidence of nosocomial infections declined from 24.7% to 15% and BPD declined from 35% to 30%. Adjusted hospital rates of BPD and nosocomial infections were correlated positively with a calculated 8% reduction of BPD rates attributable to reductions in nosocomial infections. Conclusions Successful interventions to reduce rates of nosocomial infections may have a positive impact on other comorbidities such as BPD. The prevention of nosocomial infections should be viewed as a significant component in avoiding long-term neonatal morbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • neonatal
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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