The relationship between maternal and neonatal umbilical cord plasma homocyst(e)ine suggests a potential role for maternal homocyst(e)ine in fetal metabolism

M. R. Malinow, A. Rajkovic, P. B. Duell, D. L. Hess, B. M. Upson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Data on fetal blood homocyst(e)ine concentrations are not available. We tested the hypothesis that homocyst(e)ine crosses the maternal/placental/fetal interphases and is sequestered by the fetus. STUDY DESIGN: The concentration of homocyst(e)ine was determined at parturition in peripheral venous plasma from 35 nulliparous healthy pregnant women and umbilical arterial and venous plasma from their conceptus. RESULTS: Findings demonstrated a descending concentration gradient of plasma homocyst(e)ine from maternal vein to umbilical vein and to umbilical artery; the decrease at each interphase approximated 1 μmol/L. The neonate weight and gestational age were inversely related to maternal homocyst(e)ine concentrations. CONCLUSION: The umbilical vein to umbilical artery homocyst(e)ine decrement suggests that uptake of homocyst(e)ine occurs in the fetus. The likely incorporation of homocyst(e)ine into the fetal metabolic cycle may implicate maternal homocyst(e)ine as having a potential nutritional role in the fetus. Further studies are required to explain the role of homocyst(e)ine in fetal metabolism and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-233
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Folate
  • Homocyst(e)ine
  • Methionine
  • Neonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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