The effect of recombinant interleukin 2 (IL2) on marrow CFU-C colony formation was evaluated to define the role for T lymphocytes in human marrow granulopoiesis. The colony-stimulating factor (CSA) used in our experiments was found to contain IL2. IL2 depletion from CSA resulted in a reduction in CFU-C colony proliferation. Addition of exogenous IL2 caused an increase in CFU-C colony numbers in a dose-dependent manner. This increase could be prevented by anti-Tac, a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) to the IL2 receptor. Moreover, anti-Tac in the absence of exogenous IL2 resulted in an overall decrease in colony numbers. Depletion of either adherent cells or T lymphocytes abolished the effect of IL2 and anti-Tac on colony growth. In the presence of IL2, re-addition of T lymphocytes to the T-depleted marrow or adherent cells to adherent cell-depleted marrow resulted in a significant increase in CFU-C colony numbers, whereas no significant effect was found when IL2-depleted CSA was used. Although T lymphocytes were not themselves essential for CFU-C colony growth, our studies indicate that IL2 and IL2-responsive T cells can regulate in vitro granulopoiesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology