The regulated expression of the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in the rodent ovary: A proposed role in the development of dominant follicles and of corpora lutea

Ariel Hourvitz, Akira Kuwahara, Jon D. Hennebold, Adriano B. Tavares, Hiroaki Negishi, Taek Hoo Lee, Gregory F. Erickson, Eli Y. Adashi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    50 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Compelling evidence exists displaying that the intrafollicular IGF-I system constitutes an obligatory mediator of FSH action in the murine ovary. Within this system, the ovarian IGF binding protein-4-directed protease (IGFBP-4ase) may have a critical role. Human IGFBP-4ase has been proved identical to the previously well-characterized pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). This communication reports the cloning and sequencing of the mouse PAPP-A cDNA as well as its expression and cellular localization in the mouse ovary. PAPP-A mRNA was undetectable in ovaries of untreated immature 25-d-old mice. Treatment with PMSG led to a marked time-dependent increase in PAPP-A expression in well-defined subsets of granulosa cells and follicles. Specifically, PAPP-A expression was detectable exclusively in centrifugally residing membrana granulosa cells of antral follicles during a 3- to 36-h period post PMSG. PAPP-A expression then fell to nondetectable levels in dominant preovulatory follicles at 48 h post PMSG. Treatment of PMSG-primed mice with human CG caused a rapid reinduction of PAPP-A expression in granulosa cells of dominant follicles and was sustained at relatively high levels throughout the ovulation and luteinization. These results suggest a role for gonadotropin-stimulated PAPP-A gene expression in the physiologic processes of dominant follicle development, ovulation, and luteogenesis in the mammalian ovary. The early onset and extended duration of gonadotropin-dependent PAPP-A expression in granulosa cells may serve to degrade the antigonadotropin IGFBP-4. Accordingly, successful antral follicle development, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation may be contingent on an IGFBP-4-deplete/PAPP-A-replete circumstance, hence resulting in an IGF-I-replete intrafollicular microenvironment.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1833-1844
    Number of pages12
    JournalEndocrinology
    Volume143
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology

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