The rapidity with which virus-specific CD8+ T cells initiate IFN-γ synthesis increases markedly over the course of infection and correlates with immunodominance

Fei Liu, J. Lindsay Whitton, Mark Slifka

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    Abstract

    Primary CD8+ T cell responses play a major role in controlling infection by many viruses, and CD8+ memory T cells can confer immunity to virus challenge. In this study we report that for many epitope-specific CD8+ T cell populations, the regulation of an important effector molecule, IFN-γ, changes dramatically over the course of infection. During the acute phase of infection, many CD8+ T cells exhibit a significant lag before producing IFN-γ in response to Ag contact; in contrast, the onset of IFN-γ production by memory cells of the same epitope specificity is markedly accelerated. The biological consequences of this improved responsiveness are manifold. Moreover, during the acute phase of the CD8+ T cell response when immunodominance is being established, there is a strong correlation (p = 0.0002) between the abundance of each epitope-specific T cell population and the rapidity with which it initiates IFN-γ synthesis. Previous studies have indicated that IFN-γ plays a critical role in determining the immunodominance hierarchy of an on-going T cell response, and in this report we present evidence for an underlying mechanism: we propose that the CD8+ T cells that most rapidly initiate IFN-γ production may be at a selective advantage, permitting them to dominate the developing T cell response.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)456-462
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Immunology
    Volume173
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2004

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology

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    The rapidity with which virus-specific CD8+ T cells initiate IFN-γ synthesis increases markedly over the course of infection and correlates with immunodominance. / Liu, Fei; Whitton, J. Lindsay; Slifka, Mark.

    In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 173, No. 1, 01.07.2004, p. 456-462.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle