The Psychosocial Implications of Managing Work and Family Caregiving Roles: Gender Differences Among Information Technology Professionals

Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A. Polenick, Kelly D. Davis, Phyllis Moen, Leslie Hammer, David M. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


An increasing number of adults, both men and women, are simultaneously managing work and family caregiving roles. Guided by the stress process model, we investigate whether 823 employees occupying diverse family caregiving roles (child caregiving only, elder caregiving only, and both child caregiving and elder caregiving, or “sandwiched” caregiving) and their noncaregiving counterparts in the information technology division of a white-collar organization differ on several indicators of psychosocial stress along with gender differences in stress exposure. Compared with noncaregivers, child caregivers reported more perceived stress and partner strain whereas elder caregivers reported greater perceived stress and psychological distress. With the exception of work-to-family conflict, sandwiched caregivers reported poorer overall psychosocial functioning. Additionally, sandwiched women reported more family-to-work conflict and less partner support than their male counterparts. Further research on the implications of combining a white-collar employment role with different family caregiving roles is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1519
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • child caregiving
  • elder caregiving
  • gender differences
  • psychosocial stress
  • sandwiched caregiving
  • working caregivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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