Dupilumab demonstrated efficacy with an acceptable safety profile in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase III trials in adolescents (12–17 years; LIBERTY AD ADOL) and children (6–11 years; LIBERTY AD PEDS) with atopic dermatitis (AD) treated for 16 weeks. Here, we present the pharmacokinetic profiles and exposure-response (E-R) relationships of dupilumab that guided the posology in these populations. A total of 251 adolescent patients with moderate-to-severe AD were randomized to subcutaneous dupilumab monotherapy every 2 weeks (q2w; 200 mg q2w, baseline weight < 60 kg; 300 mg q2w, ≥ 60 kg), dupilumab 300 mg every 4 weeks (q4w; non-weight tiered), or placebo; 367 children with severe AD were randomized to dupilumab q2w (100 mg q2w, baseline weight < 30 kg; 200 mg q2w, ≥ 30 kg), dupilumab 300 mg q4w, or placebo. Children received concomitant topical corticosteroids in addition to dupilumab, and loading doses were administered at the start of therapy. Mean dupilumab trough concentrations at week 16 for weight subcategories in each dosing regimen were compared with adult exposures for the approved dupilumab 300 mg q2w regimen. Positive E-R relationships were demonstrated between dupilumab trough concentrations and AD outcome measures across patient populations and regimens; no relationship was observed with treatment-emergent conjunctivitis. Based on these analyses, a weight-tiered posology was proposed for adolescents (200/300 mg q2w in patients 30–< 60 kg/≥ 60 kg) and children (300 mg q4w in patients 15–< 30 kg, 200 mg q2w in patients 30–< 60 kg) with moderate-to-severe AD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)