The PHLAME firefighters' study: Feasibility and findings

Diane L. Elliot, Linn Goldberg, Terry E. Duncan, Kerry S. Kuehl, Esther L. Moe, Rosemary K.R. Breger, Carol L. DeFrancesco, Denise B. Ernst, Victor J. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess efficacy of 2 worksite health promotion interventions. Methods: Randomly assign 3 fire stations to (a) team-based curriculum, (b) individual counselor meetings, and (c) control. Results: Both interventions were feasible and acceptable, and they resulted in significant reductions in LDL cholesterol. The team approach significantly increased coworker cohesion, personal exercise habits, and coworkers' healthy behaviors. The one-on-one strategy significantly increased dietary self-monitoring, decreased fat intake, and reduced depressed feelings. Conclusions: Although both interventions promoted healthy behaviors, specific outcomes differed and reflected their conceptual underpinnings. The team-based curriculum is innovative and may enlist influences not accessed with individual formats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-23
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Behavior change
  • Health promotion
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Prevention
  • Worksite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Elliot, D. L., Goldberg, L., Duncan, T. E., Kuehl, K. S., Moe, E. L., Breger, R. K. R., DeFrancesco, C. L., Ernst, D. B., & Stevens, V. J. (2004). The PHLAME firefighters' study: Feasibility and findings. American Journal of Health Behavior, 28(1), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.28.1.2