The Participant’s Voice: A Mixed-Method Evaluation of a Mixed-Gender Seeking Safety Group

Belle Zaccari, Wendy Layne, Jennifer Loftis, Patricia Penn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study used mixed methods to evaluate Seeking Safety (a cognitive-behavioral based therapy for co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders) with a mixed-gender group. The authors analyzed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom change and feedback among clients of a recovery facility in Arizona (N = 156). Pre–post and correlational analyses were performed. Attendance was associated with reductions in PTSD symptoms (t = 2.56, p =.006; F = 2.86, p =.06) with no difference for gender. A strong positive correlation was found between ratings of session helpfulness and likeliness to use session skills (r =.90, p <.001). Qualitative data analyzed for module themes are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-231
Number of pages19
JournalAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017



  • co-occurring conditions
  • PTSD
  • satisfaction
  • Seeking Safety
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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