The ossicle of paaw

Evan M. Graboyes, Richard A. Chole, Timothy Hullar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some anatomists have reported more than 3 ossicles within the middle ear. The most widely discussed of these is the lenticular ossicle, which we now understand to be the lenticular process forming the distal tip of the long process of the incus. Another supernumerary ossicle, within the stapes tendon, has also been described by a number of anatomists. Here, we examine the history of this ossicle's discovery, the sources of confusion concerning its existence in humans, and its presence in some mammalian species. We also discuss the variability in the nomenclature of supernumerary ossicles for historical accounts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1185-1188
Number of pages4
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anatomists
Incus
Stapes
Middle Ear
Terminology
Tendons
History

Keywords

  • Fourth ossicle
  • Osseus globulus
  • Ossicle
  • Ossiculum ovale
  • Ossiculum quartum
  • Paaw
  • Sesamoid
  • Stapes
  • Tendon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The ossicle of paaw. / Graboyes, Evan M.; Chole, Richard A.; Hullar, Timothy.

In: Otology and Neurotology, Vol. 32, No. 7, 09.2011, p. 1185-1188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Graboyes, EM, Chole, RA & Hullar, T 2011, 'The ossicle of paaw', Otology and Neurotology, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1185-1188. https://doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822a28df
Graboyes, Evan M. ; Chole, Richard A. ; Hullar, Timothy. / The ossicle of paaw. In: Otology and Neurotology. 2011 ; Vol. 32, No. 7. pp. 1185-1188.
@article{b63c962355774460b2e6ef095607661c,
title = "The ossicle of paaw",
abstract = "Some anatomists have reported more than 3 ossicles within the middle ear. The most widely discussed of these is the lenticular ossicle, which we now understand to be the lenticular process forming the distal tip of the long process of the incus. Another supernumerary ossicle, within the stapes tendon, has also been described by a number of anatomists. Here, we examine the history of this ossicle's discovery, the sources of confusion concerning its existence in humans, and its presence in some mammalian species. We also discuss the variability in the nomenclature of supernumerary ossicles for historical accounts.",
keywords = "Fourth ossicle, Osseus globulus, Ossicle, Ossiculum ovale, Ossiculum quartum, Paaw, Sesamoid, Stapes, Tendon",
author = "Graboyes, {Evan M.} and Chole, {Richard A.} and Timothy Hullar",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822a28df",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "1185--1188",
journal = "Otology and Neurotology",
issn = "1531-7129",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The ossicle of paaw

AU - Graboyes, Evan M.

AU - Chole, Richard A.

AU - Hullar, Timothy

PY - 2011/9

Y1 - 2011/9

N2 - Some anatomists have reported more than 3 ossicles within the middle ear. The most widely discussed of these is the lenticular ossicle, which we now understand to be the lenticular process forming the distal tip of the long process of the incus. Another supernumerary ossicle, within the stapes tendon, has also been described by a number of anatomists. Here, we examine the history of this ossicle's discovery, the sources of confusion concerning its existence in humans, and its presence in some mammalian species. We also discuss the variability in the nomenclature of supernumerary ossicles for historical accounts.

AB - Some anatomists have reported more than 3 ossicles within the middle ear. The most widely discussed of these is the lenticular ossicle, which we now understand to be the lenticular process forming the distal tip of the long process of the incus. Another supernumerary ossicle, within the stapes tendon, has also been described by a number of anatomists. Here, we examine the history of this ossicle's discovery, the sources of confusion concerning its existence in humans, and its presence in some mammalian species. We also discuss the variability in the nomenclature of supernumerary ossicles for historical accounts.

KW - Fourth ossicle

KW - Osseus globulus

KW - Ossicle

KW - Ossiculum ovale

KW - Ossiculum quartum

KW - Paaw

KW - Sesamoid

KW - Stapes

KW - Tendon

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052241276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052241276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822a28df

DO - 10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822a28df

M3 - Article

C2 - 21844785

AN - SCOPUS:80052241276

VL - 32

SP - 1185

EP - 1188

JO - Otology and Neurotology

JF - Otology and Neurotology

SN - 1531-7129

IS - 7

ER -