The oral prevalence of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative rods and yeasts in Hong Kong Chinese

C. M. Sedgley, L. P. Samaranayake

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Saline oral rinse samples were obtained from 300 community-dwelling Hong Kong Chinese attending an outpatient dental clinic to determine the oral prevalence of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods (AGNR) and yeasts. The oral prevalence of AGNR was 41.7%. Enterobacteriaceae species comprised 73% of all AGNR isolated, with an overall prevalence of 32%. There was no difference in prevalence between females (n = 190) and males (n = 110). Morning samples (n = 154) yielded a significantly higher prevalence of AGNR (54.5%) and Enterobacteriaceae (42.2%) than afternoon samples (n = 146) (28.1 and 21.2%, respectively; p < 0.01, p < 0.01). Subjects over 50 yr had a significantly higher prevalence of AGNR than those aged 30-49 yr (p < 0.01). The most commonly isolated AGNR species were Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumoniae. The oral prevalence of yeasts was 24%, with Candida albicans forming 77% of all yeasts isolated. Subjects taking medication (n = 38) or wearing dentures (n = 38) had a significantly higher oral yeast prevalence of 36.8 (p < 0.05) and 44.7% (p < 0.01), respectively. Yeast prevalence was signficantly higher in subjects over 50 yr than those aged 30-49 yr (p < 0.05) and 15-29 yr (p < 0.05). Comparisons with previous studies suggest that the oral prevalence of AGNR in Chinese may be higher in Hong Kong than in other parts of the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1994



  • Chinese
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Gram-negative rods
  • Hong Kong
  • oral prevalence
  • yeasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

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