The O2- generating oxidoreductase of human neutrophils

Evidence of an obligatory requirement for calcium and magnesium for expression of catalytic activity

Terrence R. Green, David E. Wu, Mary Wirtz

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Abstract

NADPH-dependent O2- generating oxidoreductase activity recovered from cell lysates of phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated human neutrophils exhibits dependence on Ca+2 and Mg+2 for full expression of its catalytic activity. O2- generating activity was completely abolished by exposure of the oxidoreductase to EDTA, then reconstituted by exposure of the enzyme to Ca+2 and Mg+2 in excess of the EDTA concentration used to block catalytic activity. The oxidoreductase responded maximally to either 0.25 mM Ca+2 or 0.80 mM Mg+2. The pH optimum of the oxidoreductase exposed to Ca+2 and Mg+2 is between pH 7.0 and 7.6. The molar ratio of NADPH oxidation to O2- production determined at pH 7.6 in the presence of Ca+2 and Mg+2 is 0.49, indicating 1 mole of NADPH oxidized per 2 moles of O2- formed. Particulate fractions recovered from cell lysates of resting neutrophils exhibited no oxidoreductase activity under the same conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-978
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 1983

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Magnesium
Catalyst activity
Oxidoreductases
Neutrophils
Calcium
NADP
Edetic Acid
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
Oxidation
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "The O2- generating oxidoreductase of human neutrophils: Evidence of an obligatory requirement for calcium and magnesium for expression of catalytic activity",
abstract = "NADPH-dependent O2- generating oxidoreductase activity recovered from cell lysates of phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated human neutrophils exhibits dependence on Ca+2 and Mg+2 for full expression of its catalytic activity. O2- generating activity was completely abolished by exposure of the oxidoreductase to EDTA, then reconstituted by exposure of the enzyme to Ca+2 and Mg+2 in excess of the EDTA concentration used to block catalytic activity. The oxidoreductase responded maximally to either 0.25 mM Ca+2 or 0.80 mM Mg+2. The pH optimum of the oxidoreductase exposed to Ca+2 and Mg+2 is between pH 7.0 and 7.6. The molar ratio of NADPH oxidation to O2- production determined at pH 7.6 in the presence of Ca+2 and Mg+2 is 0.49, indicating 1 mole of NADPH oxidized per 2 moles of O2- formed. Particulate fractions recovered from cell lysates of resting neutrophils exhibited no oxidoreductase activity under the same conditions.",
author = "Green, {Terrence R.} and Wu, {David E.} and Mary Wirtz",
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T1 - The O2- generating oxidoreductase of human neutrophils

T2 - Evidence of an obligatory requirement for calcium and magnesium for expression of catalytic activity

AU - Green, Terrence R.

AU - Wu, David E.

AU - Wirtz, Mary

PY - 1983/2/10

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N2 - NADPH-dependent O2- generating oxidoreductase activity recovered from cell lysates of phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated human neutrophils exhibits dependence on Ca+2 and Mg+2 for full expression of its catalytic activity. O2- generating activity was completely abolished by exposure of the oxidoreductase to EDTA, then reconstituted by exposure of the enzyme to Ca+2 and Mg+2 in excess of the EDTA concentration used to block catalytic activity. The oxidoreductase responded maximally to either 0.25 mM Ca+2 or 0.80 mM Mg+2. The pH optimum of the oxidoreductase exposed to Ca+2 and Mg+2 is between pH 7.0 and 7.6. The molar ratio of NADPH oxidation to O2- production determined at pH 7.6 in the presence of Ca+2 and Mg+2 is 0.49, indicating 1 mole of NADPH oxidized per 2 moles of O2- formed. Particulate fractions recovered from cell lysates of resting neutrophils exhibited no oxidoreductase activity under the same conditions.

AB - NADPH-dependent O2- generating oxidoreductase activity recovered from cell lysates of phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated human neutrophils exhibits dependence on Ca+2 and Mg+2 for full expression of its catalytic activity. O2- generating activity was completely abolished by exposure of the oxidoreductase to EDTA, then reconstituted by exposure of the enzyme to Ca+2 and Mg+2 in excess of the EDTA concentration used to block catalytic activity. The oxidoreductase responded maximally to either 0.25 mM Ca+2 or 0.80 mM Mg+2. The pH optimum of the oxidoreductase exposed to Ca+2 and Mg+2 is between pH 7.0 and 7.6. The molar ratio of NADPH oxidation to O2- production determined at pH 7.6 in the presence of Ca+2 and Mg+2 is 0.49, indicating 1 mole of NADPH oxidized per 2 moles of O2- formed. Particulate fractions recovered from cell lysates of resting neutrophils exhibited no oxidoreductase activity under the same conditions.

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