Eighty-nine patients with penetrating pelvic trauma were treated during a three-year period. Sixty-three of 72 patients who had mandatory exploration had findings at operation. The negative laparotomy rate was higher for patients with posterior penetrations (40%). Diagnostic peritoneal lavage, sigmoidoscopy, and intravenous pyelography were useful adjunctive tests to confirm the lack of need for exploration in patients with negative physical findings. This protocol of tests was particularly useful for patients with posterior sites of injury. Patients with injury to multiple organ systems had a higher rate of infectious complications (48%) than those with single system injury (11% complication rate). Primary repair of colon, urologic and vascular injuries was safe even in patients with injury to multiple organ systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
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