The ipr inventory: Development and psychometric characteristics

Virginia P. Tilden Dnsc, Christine A. Nelson, Barbara A. May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to develop, validate, and norm a measure of dimensions of interpersonal relationships that are salient to nursing: social support, reciprocity, and conflict. Tlxe selection of these concepts was guided by social exchange and equity theories. In the first phase of the study, 44 respondents were interviewed to provide narrative data from which to develop items so that items would be grounded in lived experience. Content validity of items was judged by a panel of 11 experts. Tlie revised 39-item instrument was tested in successive steps with a total of340 students, patients, and community residents for reliability and validity, including internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, factor analysis, and three forms of validity assessment (theory testing, contrasted groups, and multitrait-multimethod comparison). The three subscales of social support, reciprocity, and conflict demonstrated repeated internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Strong evidence of construct validity was demonstrated for the social support and the conflict subscales; validity of the reciprocity subscale was equivocal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-343
Number of pages7
JournalNursing research
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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