The interface between U.S. primary care clinics and pharmacies for HPV vaccination delivery: A scoping literature review

Patricia A. Carney, Sarah Bumatay, Grace M. Kuo, Paul M. Darden, Andrew Hamilton, Lyle J. Fagnan, Brigit Hatch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Completion of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine series remains low. Partnerships between primary care (PC) clinics and local pharmacies could boost vaccination rates. We conducted a scoping literature review to address what is known and what gaps exist on the interface between U.S. primary care clinics and pharmacies for HPV vaccination. We searched Ovid MEDLINE ALL file and Cumulative Index to Allied Health Literature for articles published between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2020. Search subjects included: 1) Pharmacy HPV Vaccination, 2) Pharmacy/PC Collaboration, and 3) Pharmacy/PC Collaboration vaccination. We developed an abstraction form to collect information on research methods, settings, strengths, weaknesses and findings. We screened 407 articles for inclusion; 17 met inclusion criteria: 13 (76.5%) reported on observational/descriptive studies; 4 articles (23.5%) reported on intervention studies, none of which were conducted in rural areas. Observational studies focused on willingness to be vaccinated for HPV and facilitators and barriers for vaccination, especially at pharmacies. Many studies concluded that knowledge about and comfort with HPV vaccine administration were needed for all vaccination stakeholders (clinicians, pharmacists, parents, and patients). Intervention studies were small with weak study designs, many of which revealed that pharmacists were not successful in integrating services into broader primary care systems. Challenges included getting physicians to sign standing order protocols, poor service delivery due to engagement barriers, and low parental demand for pharmacists to administer the vaccine. In conclusion, larger more discerning studies are needed to fully understand the potential of primary care and pharmacy interactions for HPV vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101893
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer prevention
  • HPV vaccine delivery
  • Oral cancer prevention
  • Pharmacy delivered vaccines
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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