The influence of dosage regimen on experimental gentamicin nephrotoxicity: Dissociation of peak serum levels from renal failure

William M. Bennett, Charles E. Plamp, David N. Gilbert, Richard A. Parker, George A. Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peak serum levels of gentamicin were varied in rats by administering a standard nephrotoxic dosage of 40 mg/kg per day in one (QD), two, or three (TID) daily doses. The QD animals had the highest peak serum levels but showed no appreciable increase of serum creatinine concentrations over a 10-day treatment period. The TID rats had the lowest peak serum levels, but, after 10 days of drug administration, the serum creatinine concentration (2.8 ± 0.2 mg/100 ml, mean ± SE) was significantly higher than in control rats (0.6 ± 0.01 mg/100 ml) (P < 0.001). After two days of gentamicin treatment, the renal concentration of gentamicin was 269 ± 77/µ/g in the QD rats and 820 ± 29 µ/g in the TID rats (P< 0.001). In this rat model, the frequency of doses was a more important factor in the development of nephrotoxicity than the peak serum concentration of gentamicin. The results suggest that dose frequency should be considered when data from different laboratories are compared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-580
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume140
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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