The influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery performance

I. N. Leckliter, Joseph Matarazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article highlights trends that show the influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRB) performance. These factors must be considered as possible competing hypotheses that might account for a patient's HRB performance. HRB scores among normal, community-living persons can resemble scores of individuals with known neuropsychological impairment due only to the effects of these variables. According, when clinical neuropsychologists use 'levels of current performance' or research based 'cut-off score' methods to make inferences about the adequacy of brain function, appropriate comparison norms must be used to minimize the likelihood of false-positive errors. This paper summarizes and provides references to some of these comparison norms. Additionally, robust estimates of premorbid ability are essential when one is making neuropsychological inferences. Such estimates can be obtained from nationally standardized measures of intellectual ability found on most grade and high school transcripts, as well as Scholastic Aptitude Test, military, and related aptitude test scores, plus the individual's social and occupational history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-512
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume45
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Aptitude Tests
Aptitude
Neuropsychological Tests
Alcoholism
Education
Brain
Research
Battery
Abuse
Alcohol
Inference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

The influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery performance. / Leckliter, I. N.; Matarazzo, Joseph.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 45, No. 4, 1989, p. 484-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4a4126f9ea464b4c81f998d2c007daf5,
title = "The influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery performance",
abstract = "This article highlights trends that show the influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRB) performance. These factors must be considered as possible competing hypotheses that might account for a patient's HRB performance. HRB scores among normal, community-living persons can resemble scores of individuals with known neuropsychological impairment due only to the effects of these variables. According, when clinical neuropsychologists use 'levels of current performance' or research based 'cut-off score' methods to make inferences about the adequacy of brain function, appropriate comparison norms must be used to minimize the likelihood of false-positive errors. This paper summarizes and provides references to some of these comparison norms. Additionally, robust estimates of premorbid ability are essential when one is making neuropsychological inferences. Such estimates can be obtained from nationally standardized measures of intellectual ability found on most grade and high school transcripts, as well as Scholastic Aptitude Test, military, and related aptitude test scores, plus the individual's social and occupational history.",
author = "Leckliter, {I. N.} and Joseph Matarazzo",
year = "1989",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "484--512",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0021-9762",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery performance

AU - Leckliter, I. N.

AU - Matarazzo, Joseph

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - This article highlights trends that show the influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRB) performance. These factors must be considered as possible competing hypotheses that might account for a patient's HRB performance. HRB scores among normal, community-living persons can resemble scores of individuals with known neuropsychological impairment due only to the effects of these variables. According, when clinical neuropsychologists use 'levels of current performance' or research based 'cut-off score' methods to make inferences about the adequacy of brain function, appropriate comparison norms must be used to minimize the likelihood of false-positive errors. This paper summarizes and provides references to some of these comparison norms. Additionally, robust estimates of premorbid ability are essential when one is making neuropsychological inferences. Such estimates can be obtained from nationally standardized measures of intellectual ability found on most grade and high school transcripts, as well as Scholastic Aptitude Test, military, and related aptitude test scores, plus the individual's social and occupational history.

AB - This article highlights trends that show the influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRB) performance. These factors must be considered as possible competing hypotheses that might account for a patient's HRB performance. HRB scores among normal, community-living persons can resemble scores of individuals with known neuropsychological impairment due only to the effects of these variables. According, when clinical neuropsychologists use 'levels of current performance' or research based 'cut-off score' methods to make inferences about the adequacy of brain function, appropriate comparison norms must be used to minimize the likelihood of false-positive errors. This paper summarizes and provides references to some of these comparison norms. Additionally, robust estimates of premorbid ability are essential when one is making neuropsychological inferences. Such estimates can be obtained from nationally standardized measures of intellectual ability found on most grade and high school transcripts, as well as Scholastic Aptitude Test, military, and related aptitude test scores, plus the individual's social and occupational history.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024309683&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024309683&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 484

EP - 512

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychology

SN - 0021-9762

IS - 4

ER -