The Imperative of Assessing Quality of Life in Patients Presenting to a Pancreaticobiliary Surgery Clinic

Theresa P. Yeo, Ryan W. Fogg, Ayako Shimada, Nicole Marchesani, Harish Lavu, Avinoam Nevler, Sarah Hegarty, Jonathan R. Brody, Charles J. Yeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine baseline health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, periampullary cancers, and benign pancreaticobiliary (PB) conditions at the time of the first visit to a PB surgery clinic, and to explore the relationship between QoL, demographics, clinical parameters, complications, and survival. Summary Background Data: Few studies have examined baseline QoL measures, the impact of comorbidities, age, sex, and smoking on subsequent postoperative complications and survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, related PB cancers, and with benign PB conditions. Methods: Data were collected from scheduled patients at a PB surgery clinic between 2013 and 2018. The Brief Pain Inventory, Fact-Hepatobiliary Scale, and Facit-Fatigue questionnaires were administered. QoL parameters were compared between PB cancer patients and those with benign disease. Results: A total of 462 individuals with PB cancers and benign diseases exhibited baseline physical well-being, functional well-being, fatigue, and overall QoL at or below the 75th percentile of wellness at the time of the first office visit. Younger age, smoking, and mental health comorbidities contributed significantly to decreased QoL. PA patients were 7 times more likely to die in the follow-up period than the benign disease group. Black patients had higher pain scores and were 3 times more likely to have a postsurgery complication. Sex differences were identified regarding fatigue, pain, and overall QoL. Conclusions: This large cohort of PB cancer and benign disease patients exhibited significantly impaired baseline QoL. GI problems, weight loss, smoking, cardiovascular, pulmonary disease, and history of anxiety and depression contributed significantly to reduced QoL. The study sheds a cautionary light on the burden of PB disease at the time of surgical evaluation and its relationship to diminished QoL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E136-E143
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume277
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • pancreas cancer
  • pancreaticobiliary cancers
  • periampullary cancer
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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