The Impact of Shared Decision-Making in Perinatal Care: A Scoping Review

Michele Megregian, Cathy Emeis, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Shared decision-making is considered to be a key aspect of woman-centered care and a strategy to improve communication, respect, and satisfaction. This scoping review identified studies that used a shared decision-making support strategy as the primary intervention in the context of perinatal care. Methods: A literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS databases was completed for English-language studies conducted from January 2000 through November 2019 that examined the impact of a shared decision-making support strategy on a perinatal decision (such as choice of mode of birth after prior cesarean birth). Studies that only examined the use of a decision aid were excluded. Nine studies met inclusion criteria and were examined for the nature of the shared decision-making intervention as well as outcome measures such as decisional evaluation, including decisional conflict, decisional regret, and certainty. Results: The 9 included studies were heterogeneous with regard to shared decision-making interventions and measured outcomes and were performed in different countries and in a variety of perinatal situations, such as women facing the choice of mode of birth after prior cesarean birth. The impact of a shared decision-making intervention on women's perception of shared decision-making and on their experiences of the decision-making process were mixed. There may be a decrease in decisional conflict and regret related to feeling informed, but no change in decisional certainty. Discussion: Despite the call to increase the use of shared decision-making in perinatal care, there are few studies that have examined the effects of a shared decision-making support strategy. Further studies that include antepartum and intrapartum settings, which include common perinatal decisions such as induction of labor, are needed. In addition, clear guidance and strategies for successfully integrating shared decision-making and practice recommendations would help women and health care providers navigate these complex decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-788
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Midwifery and Women's Health
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • decision support techniques
  • patient-centered communication
  • pregnancy
  • shared decision-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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