The IASLC/ITMIG thymic epithelial tumors staging project: Proposals for the T component for the forthcoming (8th) edition of the TNM classification of malignant tumors

Andrew G. Nicholson, Frank C. Detterbeck, Mirella Marino, Jhingook Kim, Kelly Stratton, Dorothy Giroux, Hisao Asamura, John Crowley, Conrad Falkson, Pier Luigi Filosso, Giuseppe Giaccone, James Huang, Kazuya Kondo, Marco Lucchi, Edith M. Marom, Meinoshin Okumura, Enrico Ruffini, Paul Van Schil, Peter Goldstraw, Ramón Rami-PortaDavid Ball, David Beer, Ricardo Beyruti, Vanessa Bolejack, Kari Chansky, Wilfried Ernst Erich Eberhardt, John Edwards, Françoise Galateau-Sallé, Fergus Gleeson, Patti Groome, Catherine Kennedy, Laura Kingsbury, Young Tae Kim, Haruhiko Kondo, Mark Krasnik, Kaoru Kubota, Antoon Lerut, Gustavo Lyons, Jan Van Meerbeeck, Alan Mitchell, Takashi Nakano, Anna Nowak, Michael Peake, Thomas Rice, Kenneth Rosenzweig, Valerie Rusch, Nagahiro Saijo, Jean Paul Sculier, Lynn Shemanski, Kenji Suzuki, Yuji Tachimori, Charles F. Thomas, William Travis, Ming S. Tsao, Andrew Turrisi, Johan Vansteenkiste, Hirokazu Watanabe, Yi Long Wu, Paul Baas, Jeremy Erasmus, Seiki Hasegawa, Kouki Inai, Kemp Kernstine, Hedy Kindler, Lee Krug, Kristiaan Nackaerts, Harvey Pass, David Rice, Eugene Blackstone, S. Call Caja, U. Ahmad, F. Detterbeck, N. Girard, Seok Jin Haam, D. R. Gomez, Mi Kyung Bae, P. Ströbel, A. Marx, S. Saita, H. Wakelee, L. Bertolaccini, E. Vallieres, W. Scott, S. Su, B. Park, J. Marks, S. Khella, R. Shen, M. Rosenberg, V. Tomulescu, C. Foroulis, L. Lang-Lazdunski, Andrea Billè, J. G. Maessen, M. Keijzers, H. Van Veer, C. Wright, F. Facciolo, G. Palmieri, C. Buonerba, M. Ferguson, G. Marulli, P. Loehrer, M. Kalkat, K. Rohrberg, G. Daugaard, A. Toker, S. Erus, M. Kimmich, A. Brunelli, M. Refai, A. Nicholson, E. Lim, In Kyu Park, J. Wagner, B. Tieu, Wentao Fang, Jie Zhang, Zhentao Yu, Yongtao Han, Yin Li, Keneng Chen, Gang Chen, Kanji Nagai, Yoshitaka Fujii, Jun Nakajima, Norihiko Ikeda, Shuji Haraguchi, Takamasa Onuki, Ichiro Yoshino, Masanori Tsuchida, Shoji Takahashi, Kohei Yokoi, Masayuki Hanyuda, Hiroshi Niwa, Hiroshi Date, Yoshimasa Maniwa, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Akinori Iwasaki, Tatsuro Okamoto, Takeshi Nagayasu, Fumihiro Tanaka, Minoru Suzuki, Kazuo Yoshida, Yusuke Okuma, Hirotoshi Horio, Akihide Matsumura, Masahiko Higashiyama, Hiroshi Suehisa, Takuya Onuki, Yoshifumi Sano, Keishi Kondo, K. Al Kattan, R. Cerfolio, C. Gebitekin, D. Gomez De Antonio, K. H. Kernstine, N. Altorki, N. Novoa, M. Scarci, L. Voltolini, W. Weder, Wojciech Zurek, A. Arame, C. Casadio, P. Carbognani, G. Donati, S. Keshavjee, W. Klepetko, B. Moser, C. Lequaglie, Moishe Liberman, M. Mancuso, M. Nosotti, L. Spaggiari, P. A. Thomas, E. Rendina, F. Venuta, M. Anile, J. Schützner, G. Rocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite longstanding recognition of thymic epithelial neoplasms, there is no official American Joint Committee on Cancer/ Union for International Cancer Control stage classification. This article summarizes proposals for classification of the T component of stage classification for use in the 8th edition of the tumor, node, metastasis classification for malignant tumors. This represents the output of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer and the International Thymic Malignancies Interest Group Staging and Prognostics Factor Committee, which assembled and analyzed a worldwide database of 10,808 patients with thymic malignancies from 105 sites. The committee proposes division of the T component into four categories, representing levels of invasion. T1 includes tumors localized to the thymus and anterior mediastinal fat, regardless of capsular invasion, up to and including infiltration through the mediastinal pleura. Invasion of the pericardium is designated as T2. T3 includes tumors with direct involvement of a group of mediastinal structures either singly or in combination: lung, brachiocephalic vein, superior vena cava, chest wall, and phrenic nerve. Invasion of more central structures constitutes T4: aorta and arch vessels, intrapericardial pulmonary artery, myocardium, trachea, and esophagus. Size did not emerge as a useful descriptor for stage classification. This classification of T categories, combined with a classification of N and M categories, provides a basis for a robust tumor, node, metastasis classification system for the 8th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control stage classification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S73-S80
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Prognosis
  • Stage classification
  • Staging
  • Thymic carcinoma
  • Thymoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The IASLC/ITMIG thymic epithelial tumors staging project: Proposals for the T component for the forthcoming (8th) edition of the TNM classification of malignant tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Nicholson, A. G., Detterbeck, F. C., Marino, M., Kim, J., Stratton, K., Giroux, D., Asamura, H., Crowley, J., Falkson, C., Filosso, P. L., Giaccone, G., Huang, J., Kondo, K., Lucchi, M., Marom, E. M., Okumura, M., Ruffini, E., Van Schil, P., Goldstraw, P., ... Rocco, G. (2014). The IASLC/ITMIG thymic epithelial tumors staging project: Proposals for the T component for the forthcoming (8th) edition of the TNM classification of malignant tumors. Journal of Thoracic Oncology, 9(9), S73-S80. https://doi.org/10.1097/JTO.0000000000000303