The Histone Deacetylase Sirt6 Regulates Glucose Homeostasis via Hif1α

Lei Zhong, Agustina D'Urso, Debra Toiber, Carlos Sebastian, Ryan E. Henry, Douangsone D. Vadysirisack, Alexander Guimaraes, Brett Marinelli, Jakob D. Wikstrom, Tomer Nir, Clary B. Clish, Bhavapriya Vaitheesvaran, Othon Iliopoulos, Irwin Kurland, Yuval Dor, Ralph Weissleder, Orian S. Shirihai, Leif W. Ellisen, Joaquin M. Espinosa, Raul Mostoslavsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

605 Scopus citations

Abstract

SIRT6 is a member of a highly conserved family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases with various roles in metabolism, stress resistance, and life span. SIRT6-deficient mice develop normally but succumb to a lethal hypoglycemia early in life; however, the mechanism underlying this hypoglycemia remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that SIRT6 functions as a histone H3K9 deacetylase to control the expression of multiple glycolytic genes. Specifically, SIRT6 appears to function as a corepressor of the transcription factor Hif1α, a critical regulator of nutrient stress responses. Consistent with this notion, SIRT6-deficient cells exhibit increased Hif1α activity and show increased glucose uptake with upregulation of glycolysis and diminished mitochondrial respiration. Our studies uncover a role for the chromatin factor SIRT6 as a master regulator of glucose homeostasis and may provide the basis for novel therapeutic approaches against metabolic diseases, such as diabetes and obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-293
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2010

Keywords

  • CELLBIO
  • HUMDISEASE
  • RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Histone Deacetylase Sirt6 Regulates Glucose Homeostasis via Hif1α'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Zhong, L., D'Urso, A., Toiber, D., Sebastian, C., Henry, R. E., Vadysirisack, D. D., Guimaraes, A., Marinelli, B., Wikstrom, J. D., Nir, T., Clish, C. B., Vaitheesvaran, B., Iliopoulos, O., Kurland, I., Dor, Y., Weissleder, R., Shirihai, O. S., Ellisen, L. W., Espinosa, J. M., & Mostoslavsky, R. (2010). The Histone Deacetylase Sirt6 Regulates Glucose Homeostasis via Hif1α. Cell, 140(2), 280-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2009.12.041