The FAS gene, brain volume, and disease progression in Alzheimer's disease

Deniz Erten-Lyons, Anne Jacobson, Patricia Kramer, Andrew Grupe, Jeffrey Kaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We sought to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression and brain volume. Methods: Ninety-seven SNPs were genotyped in 243 subjects from a longitudinal study of healthy aging. Subjects who received a diagnosis of cognitive impairment (CI) at any study visit (before their most recent visit) and had DNA in the study's DNA bank were included. Progression of AD was defined as the duration from onset of CI to diagnosis of AD. Association of each of the 97 SNPs with AD progression was tested via Cox model. Those SNPs meeting a criterion of nominal significance (P < 0.05) for association with AD progression were reassessed to account for multiple testing by repeating the marker selection process in 10,000 random permutations. Next, the association between the one SNP that survived the multiple-testing adjustment and brain volume was determined by multiple regression analysis in a subgroup of subjects for whom magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI)-derived brain-volume data were available. Brain volumes were adjusted for age at MRI, gender, and time from MRI to onset of CI. Results: The minor allele of rs1468063 in the FAS gene, which is member 6 of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, was significantly associated with faster AD progression after adjustment for multiple testing (Ppermutation = 0.049). The same allele in rs1468063 was associated with smaller brain volumes and larger ventricular volumes (P = 0.02 and 0.04, respectively). Conclusions: The FAS gene, which plays a role in apoptosis, may be associated with AD by modulating the apoptosis and neuronal loss secondary to AD neuropathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Brain volume
  • FAS
  • Genetics
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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