The Epidemiology and Clinical Associations of Stroke in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Review of 10,972 Admissions From the 2012 National Inpatient Sample

Christopher Del Prete, Taeha Kim, Frederick Lansigan, Joseph Shatzel, Harley Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute leukemia predisposes patients toward the development of stroke. The latter, although devastating clinically, has been infrequently studied. Our study, using the 2012 National Inpatient Sample, found a 50-fold increase in the risk of stroke as compared with all inpatient admissions with a corresponding 5.5-fold increased risk of mortality. Significant risk factors for the development of stroke included urinary tract infection, hypernatremia, and acute renal failure. Background Acute leukemia is known to confer an elevated risk of both hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications, but the development of stroke in this population is poorly characterized. This study assesses clinical and epidemiologic factors in a population of inpatients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and stroke. Methods Using the 2012 National Inpatient Sample, demographic and clinical data including age, gender, race, length of stay, in-hospital procedures, discharge diagnosis, disposition, and mortality incidence were extracted. Results Of 7,296,968 admissions, 10,984 patients with active AML were analyzed. Of these, 65 patients had a concomitant cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (hemorrhagic or ischemic). There was a 50-fold increase in the risk of stroke in patients with active AML compared with all admissions. Patients with AML and CVAs were found to have significantly higher inpatient mortality than for all admitted patients with stroke (36.9% vs. 6.7%; odds ratio, 5.5; 95% confidence interval, 2.3-8.8; P <.0001). Multivariate logistic regression, after controlling for confounding variables, identified acute renal failure with tubular necrosis, hypernatremia, urinary tract infection, and secondary thrombocytopenia as significant predictors of stroke. Conclusions Patients with AML have an elevated risk of CVA compared with all inpatients, and mortality in this population is high. Better characterization of risk factors of stroke in this vulnerable population is still needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-77.e1
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • CVA
  • Database
  • Hematologic malignancy
  • Hospitalized patients
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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