The Effects of Sleep on Workplace Cognitive Failure and Safety

Rebecca M. Brossoit, Tori L. Crain, Jordyn J. Leslie, Leslie Hammer, Donald M. Truxillo, Todd E. Bodner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i.e., lapses in attention, memory, and action at work) and subsequent workplace safety behaviors (i.e., safety compliance and safety participation) and reports of minor injuries. Construction workers from two public works agencies completed surveys at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Our results suggest that workers with more insomnia symptoms on average reported engaging in fewer required and voluntary safety behaviors and were at a greater risk for workplace injuries. These effects were mediated by workplace cognitive failures. In addition, workers with greater sleep insufficiency on average reported lower safety compliance, but this effect was not mediated by workplace cognitive failures. These results have implications for future workplace interventions, suggesting that organizations striving to improve safety should prioritize interventions that will reduce workers' insomnia symptoms and improve their ability to quickly fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Workplace
Sleep
Safety
Aptitude
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Compliance
Organizations
Wounds and Injuries
Occupational Health
Emotions

Keywords

  • Construction
  • Injuries
  • Safety behaviors
  • Sleep
  • Workplace cognitive failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Brossoit, R. M., Crain, T. L., Leslie, J. J., Hammer, L., Truxillo, D. M., & Bodner, T. E. (Accepted/In press). The Effects of Sleep on Workplace Cognitive Failure and Safety. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000139

The Effects of Sleep on Workplace Cognitive Failure and Safety. / Brossoit, Rebecca M.; Crain, Tori L.; Leslie, Jordyn J.; Hammer, Leslie; Truxillo, Donald M.; Bodner, Todd E.

In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brossoit, Rebecca M. ; Crain, Tori L. ; Leslie, Jordyn J. ; Hammer, Leslie ; Truxillo, Donald M. ; Bodner, Todd E. / The Effects of Sleep on Workplace Cognitive Failure and Safety. In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2018.
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