The effects of neoadjuvant therapy on morbidity and mortality of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: American college of surgeons national surgical quality improvement program (ACS–NSQIP) 2005–2012

Michel J. Sabra, Carmen Smotherman, Dale Kraemer, Michael S. Nussbaum, Joseph J. Tepas, Ziad T. Awad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study used a multi-center database to evaluate the impact of neoadjuvant therapy on the 30-day morbidity and mortality following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Methods: The NSQIP database was queried for 2005–2012 for patients, who had esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Patients were divided into two groups: neoadjuvant therapy and esophagectomy only. Results: The neoadjuvant group had a lower rates of sepsis (8% vs. 13%, unadjusted P = 0.004) and acute renal failure (0.4% vs. 2%, unadjusted P = 0.01), and a higher rate of pulmonary embolism (PE) (3% vs. 1%, unadjusted P = 0.04). The adjusted odds of PE for patients, who received neoadjuvant therapy were 2.8 times the odds of PE for patients in the esophagectomy group, controlling for BMI. The association with renal failure was not significant, when one adjusted for race. There was no difference in the rates of reoperation, readmission, stroke, cardiac arrest, MI, surgical site and deep organ infections, anastomosis failure, blood transfusions, DVT, septic shock, pneumonia, UTI, respiratory failure, and 30-day mortality between the two groups. Conclusions: We conclude that neoadjuvant therapy followed by esophagectomy for esophageal cancer does not have a negative impact on 30-day mortality. Neoadjuvant therapy is associated with increased odds of PE. J. Surg. Oncol. 2017;115:296–300.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-300
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume115
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • esophageal cancer
  • neoadjuvant therapy
  • NSQIP
  • outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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