The Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Sleep Quality

A Systematic Review

Rachel Neuendorf, Helana Wahbeh, Irina Chamine, Jun Yu, Kimberly Hutchison, Barry Oken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Objectives. To evaluate the effect of mind-body interventions (MBI) on sleep. Methods. We reviewed randomized controlled MBI trials on adults (through 2013) with at least one sleep outcome measure. We searched eleven electronic databases and excluded studies on interventions not considering mind-body medicine. Studies were categorized by type of MBI, whether sleep was primary or secondary outcome measure and outcome type. Results. 1323 abstracts were screened, and 112 papers were included. Overall, 67 (60%) of studies reported a beneficial effect on at least one sleep outcome measure. Of the most common interventions, 13/23 studies using meditation, 21/30 using movement MBI, and 14/25 using relaxation reported at least some improvements in sleep. There were clear risks of bias for many studies reviewed, especially when sleep was not the main focus. Conclusions. MBI should be considered as a treatment option for patients with sleep disturbance. The benefit of MBI needs to be better documented with objective outcomes as well as the mechanism of benefit elucidated. There is some evidence that MBI have a positive benefit on sleep quality. Since sleep has a direct impact on many other health outcomes, future MBI trials should consider including sleep outcome measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number902708
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Sleep
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Mind-Body Therapies
Meditation
Somatotypes
Databases
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

The Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Sleep Quality : A Systematic Review. / Neuendorf, Rachel; Wahbeh, Helana; Chamine, Irina; Yu, Jun; Hutchison, Kimberly; Oken, Barry.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 2015, 902708, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neuendorf, Rachel ; Wahbeh, Helana ; Chamine, Irina ; Yu, Jun ; Hutchison, Kimberly ; Oken, Barry. / The Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Sleep Quality : A Systematic Review. In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 2015.
@article{739e0dd99d524324b8f5476d8cd2dacf,
title = "The Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Sleep Quality: A Systematic Review",
abstract = "Study Objectives. To evaluate the effect of mind-body interventions (MBI) on sleep. Methods. We reviewed randomized controlled MBI trials on adults (through 2013) with at least one sleep outcome measure. We searched eleven electronic databases and excluded studies on interventions not considering mind-body medicine. Studies were categorized by type of MBI, whether sleep was primary or secondary outcome measure and outcome type. Results. 1323 abstracts were screened, and 112 papers were included. Overall, 67 (60{\%}) of studies reported a beneficial effect on at least one sleep outcome measure. Of the most common interventions, 13/23 studies using meditation, 21/30 using movement MBI, and 14/25 using relaxation reported at least some improvements in sleep. There were clear risks of bias for many studies reviewed, especially when sleep was not the main focus. Conclusions. MBI should be considered as a treatment option for patients with sleep disturbance. The benefit of MBI needs to be better documented with objective outcomes as well as the mechanism of benefit elucidated. There is some evidence that MBI have a positive benefit on sleep quality. Since sleep has a direct impact on many other health outcomes, future MBI trials should consider including sleep outcome measurements.",
author = "Rachel Neuendorf and Helana Wahbeh and Irina Chamine and Jun Yu and Kimberly Hutchison and Barry Oken",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1155/2015/902708",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2015",
journal = "Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine",
issn = "1741-427X",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effects of Mind-Body Interventions on Sleep Quality

T2 - A Systematic Review

AU - Neuendorf, Rachel

AU - Wahbeh, Helana

AU - Chamine, Irina

AU - Yu, Jun

AU - Hutchison, Kimberly

AU - Oken, Barry

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Study Objectives. To evaluate the effect of mind-body interventions (MBI) on sleep. Methods. We reviewed randomized controlled MBI trials on adults (through 2013) with at least one sleep outcome measure. We searched eleven electronic databases and excluded studies on interventions not considering mind-body medicine. Studies were categorized by type of MBI, whether sleep was primary or secondary outcome measure and outcome type. Results. 1323 abstracts were screened, and 112 papers were included. Overall, 67 (60%) of studies reported a beneficial effect on at least one sleep outcome measure. Of the most common interventions, 13/23 studies using meditation, 21/30 using movement MBI, and 14/25 using relaxation reported at least some improvements in sleep. There were clear risks of bias for many studies reviewed, especially when sleep was not the main focus. Conclusions. MBI should be considered as a treatment option for patients with sleep disturbance. The benefit of MBI needs to be better documented with objective outcomes as well as the mechanism of benefit elucidated. There is some evidence that MBI have a positive benefit on sleep quality. Since sleep has a direct impact on many other health outcomes, future MBI trials should consider including sleep outcome measurements.

AB - Study Objectives. To evaluate the effect of mind-body interventions (MBI) on sleep. Methods. We reviewed randomized controlled MBI trials on adults (through 2013) with at least one sleep outcome measure. We searched eleven electronic databases and excluded studies on interventions not considering mind-body medicine. Studies were categorized by type of MBI, whether sleep was primary or secondary outcome measure and outcome type. Results. 1323 abstracts were screened, and 112 papers were included. Overall, 67 (60%) of studies reported a beneficial effect on at least one sleep outcome measure. Of the most common interventions, 13/23 studies using meditation, 21/30 using movement MBI, and 14/25 using relaxation reported at least some improvements in sleep. There were clear risks of bias for many studies reviewed, especially when sleep was not the main focus. Conclusions. MBI should be considered as a treatment option for patients with sleep disturbance. The benefit of MBI needs to be better documented with objective outcomes as well as the mechanism of benefit elucidated. There is some evidence that MBI have a positive benefit on sleep quality. Since sleep has a direct impact on many other health outcomes, future MBI trials should consider including sleep outcome measurements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84934343091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84934343091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2015/902708

DO - 10.1155/2015/902708

M3 - Article

VL - 2015

JO - Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

JF - Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

SN - 1741-427X

M1 - 902708

ER -