The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes

J. P. Zacny, Suzanne Mitchell, M. J. Cramblett, H. De Wit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of ethanol preloading on preference for tobacco cigarettes in 10 nicotine-dependent volunteers. The crossover, double-blind study involved pretreating participants with 0, 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 g/kg ethanol immediately prior to a task in which cigarettes and/or money could be earned. Tobacco cigarette preference was measured using the number of responses performed and reinforcers earned on a series of concurrent random-ratio schedules that yielded tobacco and money reinforcers. In addition to the preference measures, subjective effects and psychomotor performance were assessed before beverage ingestion and at regular intervals afterwards. Ethanol induced alterations in mood and psychomotor performance in a dose-related fashion. However preference for tobacco cigarettes was not affected by ethanol pretreatment. The present study suggests that the increase in cigarette smoking that is associated with ethanol consumption does not involve changes in smokers' preference for cigarettes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalBehavioural Pharmacology
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tobacco Products
Ethanol
Tobacco
Psychomotor Performance
Beverages
Nicotine
Double-Blind Method
Volunteers
Appointments and Schedules
Eating
Smoking

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Cigarettes
  • Ethanol
  • Human
  • Nicotine
  • Random-ratio schedules
  • Reinforcer
  • Self-administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Zacny, J. P., Mitchell, S., Cramblett, M. J., & De Wit, H. (1997). The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes. Behavioural Pharmacology, 8(1), 75-81.

The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes. / Zacny, J. P.; Mitchell, Suzanne; Cramblett, M. J.; De Wit, H.

In: Behavioural Pharmacology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1997, p. 75-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zacny, JP, Mitchell, S, Cramblett, MJ & De Wit, H 1997, 'The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes', Behavioural Pharmacology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 75-81.
Zacny, J. P. ; Mitchell, Suzanne ; Cramblett, M. J. ; De Wit, H. / The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes. In: Behavioural Pharmacology. 1997 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 75-81.
@article{f6097060a47344b0a63b0c35f317fe98,
title = "The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes",
abstract = "This study examined the effects of ethanol preloading on preference for tobacco cigarettes in 10 nicotine-dependent volunteers. The crossover, double-blind study involved pretreating participants with 0, 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 g/kg ethanol immediately prior to a task in which cigarettes and/or money could be earned. Tobacco cigarette preference was measured using the number of responses performed and reinforcers earned on a series of concurrent random-ratio schedules that yielded tobacco and money reinforcers. In addition to the preference measures, subjective effects and psychomotor performance were assessed before beverage ingestion and at regular intervals afterwards. Ethanol induced alterations in mood and psychomotor performance in a dose-related fashion. However preference for tobacco cigarettes was not affected by ethanol pretreatment. The present study suggests that the increase in cigarette smoking that is associated with ethanol consumption does not involve changes in smokers' preference for cigarettes.",
keywords = "Alcohol, Cigarettes, Ethanol, Human, Nicotine, Random-ratio schedules, Reinforcer, Self-administration",
author = "Zacny, {J. P.} and Suzanne Mitchell and Cramblett, {M. J.} and {De Wit}, H.",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "75--81",
journal = "Behavioural Pharmacology",
issn = "0955-8810",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of ethanol on the relative preference for cigarettes

AU - Zacny, J. P.

AU - Mitchell, Suzanne

AU - Cramblett, M. J.

AU - De Wit, H.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - This study examined the effects of ethanol preloading on preference for tobacco cigarettes in 10 nicotine-dependent volunteers. The crossover, double-blind study involved pretreating participants with 0, 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 g/kg ethanol immediately prior to a task in which cigarettes and/or money could be earned. Tobacco cigarette preference was measured using the number of responses performed and reinforcers earned on a series of concurrent random-ratio schedules that yielded tobacco and money reinforcers. In addition to the preference measures, subjective effects and psychomotor performance were assessed before beverage ingestion and at regular intervals afterwards. Ethanol induced alterations in mood and psychomotor performance in a dose-related fashion. However preference for tobacco cigarettes was not affected by ethanol pretreatment. The present study suggests that the increase in cigarette smoking that is associated with ethanol consumption does not involve changes in smokers' preference for cigarettes.

AB - This study examined the effects of ethanol preloading on preference for tobacco cigarettes in 10 nicotine-dependent volunteers. The crossover, double-blind study involved pretreating participants with 0, 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 g/kg ethanol immediately prior to a task in which cigarettes and/or money could be earned. Tobacco cigarette preference was measured using the number of responses performed and reinforcers earned on a series of concurrent random-ratio schedules that yielded tobacco and money reinforcers. In addition to the preference measures, subjective effects and psychomotor performance were assessed before beverage ingestion and at regular intervals afterwards. Ethanol induced alterations in mood and psychomotor performance in a dose-related fashion. However preference for tobacco cigarettes was not affected by ethanol pretreatment. The present study suggests that the increase in cigarette smoking that is associated with ethanol consumption does not involve changes in smokers' preference for cigarettes.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Cigarettes

KW - Ethanol

KW - Human

KW - Nicotine

KW - Random-ratio schedules

KW - Reinforcer

KW - Self-administration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030905795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030905795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 75

EP - 81

JO - Behavioural Pharmacology

JF - Behavioural Pharmacology

SN - 0955-8810

IS - 1

ER -