The effectiveness of family interventions in people with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review

Tanya A. Armour, S. L. Norris, L. Jack, X. Zhang, L. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations


Aims: To conduct a systematic review of reports of published literature to assess which family interventions are effective in improving diabetes-related outcomes in people with diabetes and family members (blood or non-blood relatives) residing in their homes. Methods: We searched computerized bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, WOS, ERIC, Cochrane, CDP, and SocAbs) for randomized clinical trials published in any language that evaluated the effectiveness of family-based interventions with no age restriction. Only studies focused on interventions in young populations (< 18 years) and involving a parent were combined in a meta-analysis for glycated haemoglobin (GHb) using DerSimonian and Laird random effects model. Effect sizes for knowledge outcomes were estimated using the Cohen's d (standardized mean differences) formula. Results: Our searches identified 19 randomized controlled trials. Positive effect sizes of family interventions on knowledge for five studies (N = 217) were demonstrated {0.94 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.67, 1.82]}. A beneficial effect of interventions on GHb for eight studies (N = 505) was also observed using metaanalysis [-0.6 (95% CI-1.2, -0.1)]. Conclusions: Evidence suggests that family interventions in family or household members of people with diabetes may be effective in improving diabetes-related knowledge and glycaemic control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1295-1305
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005


  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Family interventions
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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