The effect of various dentifrices on surface roughness and gloss of resin composites

Juliana Da Costa, Anne Adams-Belusko, Kelly Riley, Jack L. Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different levels of abrasiveness (RDA) of dentifrices on the gloss and surface roughness of resin composites after toothbrushing. Methods: Sixty disk-shaped composite specimens (D = 10.0 mm, 2-mm thick, n = 15 per material) were made of: microfill (Durafill), nanofill (Filtek Supreme), minifill hybrid (Filtek 250), and nanohybrid (Premise). One side of each specimen was finished with a carbide bur and polished with Enhance and Pogo. Five specimens of each composite were randomly assigned to one of the dentifrices, Colgate Total (CT; RDA 70), Colgate baking soda & peroxide whitening (CBS; RDA 145), and Colgate tartar control & whitening (CTW; RDA 200). Surface gloss was measured with a glossmeter and surface roughness with a profilometer before and after toothbrushing with a 1:2 slurry (dentifrice/deionised water) at 5760 strokes in a brushing machine (∼1 Hz). Results were analyzed by three-way ANOVA/Tukey's (p < 0.05). Results: There was a significant reduction in gloss and increase in surface roughness after brushing with all dentifrices. There was no significant difference in gloss when Durafill was brushed with any dentifrice; the other composites showed less gloss reduction when brushed with CT. Durafill, Supreme and Premise did not show significantly different surface roughness results and CBS and CTW did not produce significantly different results. Conclusions: Dentifrices of lower abrasivity promote less reduction in gloss and surface roughness for composites of different particle sizes after brushing. Composites containing smaller average fillers showed less reduction in gloss and less increase in surface roughness than ones with larger fillers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e123-e128
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - 2010


  • Dentifrice
  • Gloss
  • Polishing
  • Resin composite
  • Surface roughness
  • Toothbrush abrasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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