The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption

Ryan K. Bachtell, Adam Z. Weitemier, Agustin Galvan-Rosas, Natalia O. Tsivkovskaia, Fred O. Risinger, Tamara Phillips, Nicholas J. Grahame, Andrey Ryabinin

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Abstract

Identifying and characterizing brain regions regulating alcohol consumption is beneficial for understanding the mechanisms of alcoholism. To this aim, we first identified brain regions changing in expression of the inducible transcription factor c-Fos in the alcohol-preferring C57BL/6J (B6) and alcohol-avoiding DBA/2J (D2) mice after ethanol consumption. Drinking a 5% ethanol/10% sucrose solution in a 30 min limited access procedure led to induction of c-Fos immunoreactivity in urocortin (Ucn)-positive cells of the Edinger-Westphal nucleus (EW), suppression of c-Fos immunoreactivity in the dorsal portion of the lateral septum (LS) of both strains of mice, and strain-specific suppression in the intermediate portion of the LS and the CA3 hippocampal region. Because the EW sends Ucn projections to the LS, and B6 and D2 mice differ dramatically in EW Ucn expression, we further analyzed the Ucn EW-LS pathway using several genetic approaches. We find that D2 mice have higher numbers of Ucn-immunoreactive processes than B6 mice in the LS and that consumption of ethanol/sucrose in the F2 offspring of a B6D2 intercross positively correlates with Ucn immunoreactivity in the EW and negatively correlates with Ucn immunoreactivity in the LS. In agreement with these findings, we find that alcohol-avoiding male B6.D2 Alcp1 line 2.2 congenic mice have lower Ucn immunoreactivity in the EW than male B6.B6 mice. Finally, we also find that HAP mice, selectively bred for high alcohol preference, have higher Ucn immunoreactivity in EW, than LAP mice, selectively bred for low alcohol preference. Taken together, these studies provide substantial evidence for involvement of the EW-LS Ucn pathway in alcohol consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2477-2487
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume23
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 2003

Fingerprint

Urocortins
Alcohol Drinking
Inbred DBA Mouse
Alcohols
Ethanol
Sucrose
Hippocampal CA3 Region
Congenic Mice
Edinger-Westphal Nucleus
Brain
Alcoholism
Drinking
Transcription Factors

Keywords

  • Edinger-Westphal
  • Ethanol
  • Inducible transcription factor
  • Self-administration
  • Septum
  • Urocortin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Bachtell, R. K., Weitemier, A. Z., Galvan-Rosas, A., Tsivkovskaia, N. O., Risinger, F. O., Phillips, T., ... Ryabinin, A. (2003). The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(6), 2477-2487.

The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption. / Bachtell, Ryan K.; Weitemier, Adam Z.; Galvan-Rosas, Agustin; Tsivkovskaia, Natalia O.; Risinger, Fred O.; Phillips, Tamara; Grahame, Nicholas J.; Ryabinin, Andrey.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 23, No. 6, 15.03.2003, p. 2477-2487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bachtell, RK, Weitemier, AZ, Galvan-Rosas, A, Tsivkovskaia, NO, Risinger, FO, Phillips, T, Grahame, NJ & Ryabinin, A 2003, 'The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption', Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 2477-2487.
Bachtell RK, Weitemier AZ, Galvan-Rosas A, Tsivkovskaia NO, Risinger FO, Phillips T et al. The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption. Journal of Neuroscience. 2003 Mar 15;23(6):2477-2487.
Bachtell, Ryan K. ; Weitemier, Adam Z. ; Galvan-Rosas, Agustin ; Tsivkovskaia, Natalia O. ; Risinger, Fred O. ; Phillips, Tamara ; Grahame, Nicholas J. ; Ryabinin, Andrey. / The Edinger-Westphal-lateral septum urocortin pathway and its relationship to alcohol consumption. In: Journal of Neuroscience. 2003 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 2477-2487.
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AU - Tsivkovskaia, Natalia O.

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